Family:
Araceae Juss.

Culcasia mannii (Hook.f.) Engl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to W. Central Tropical Africa.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
Plant erect, 30-40 cm, on stilt roots of ca. 30 cm; Stem thick, ± 1 cm when dried; Internodes 1-4.5 cm. LEAVES: Petiole 4-7 cm, canaliculate, sheathing to 5-7 mm from apex; Sheath broad where it joins the stem, spreading from the base and narrowing rather abruptly., ending at the apex in 2 ± rounded auricles; blade 13-21 x 6.5-12.5 cm, subelliptic, assymmetric, broader towards the lower half, subobtuse at the base and slightly decurrent, acute and slightly oblique at apex; primary laterals prominent, 6-13 pairs, arcuate ascending, joined together by equally prominent secondary veins and interspersed by a network of fine and dense veinlets; some long, discontinuous, translucent glandular lines between the primary veins, crossed often by secondary veins. INFLORESCENCE solitary, terminal; Peduncle shorter than the petiole, 1.5-2.5 cm; Spathe light green, obtuse at apex, opening broadly at maturity; Spadix stipitate, becoming exserted; Male flowers white, Female flowers pink with white, circular, sessile stigmas; Ovary subglobose, bilocular; Ovules camplotropous, axilary. INFRUCTESCENCES; Berries red, globose depressed.15-20 mm diam.
Habitat
In the shaded understorey, simetimes swamps, sometimes mountains.
Distribution
South-East Nigeria, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. In Cameroon, this species was collected in the regions of Nkongsamba, Limbe, Kribi, Ebolowa, Sangmélima.

[FWTA]

Araceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Creeping underground stem ascending and becoming erect, 1-2 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe white or greenish, and pink stalk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spadix
Male flowers of spadix whitish, female pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits scarlet
Ecology
In moist forest.

Native to:

Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria

Culcasia mannii (Hook.f.) Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 19, 2010 Ekema [1036], Cameroon K000381287 No
Jun 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [323], Cameroon K000107802 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2807], Cameroon K000107805 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2738], Cameroon K000107799 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2844], Cameroon K000107807 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2647], Cameroon K000107797 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2365], Cameroon K000107692 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2157], Cameroon K000107793 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3323], Cameroon K000107806 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1818], Cameroon K000107792 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2104], Cameroon K000107804 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10422], Cameroon K000107688 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2516], Cameroon K000107798 No
Jun 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [358], Cameroon K000107701 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10329], Cameroon K000107689 No
Apr 1, 1996 Sebsebe [4981], Cameroon K000107733 No
Apr 1, 1996 Etuge, M. [1303], Cameroon K000107732 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [7124], Cameroon K000107721 No
Sep 1, 1995 Lane, P. [364], Cameroon K000107724 No
Sep 1, 1995 Lane, P. [162], Cameroon K000107725 No
Sep 1, 1995 Lane, P. [149], Cameroon K000107730 No
Sep 1, 1995 Balding, S. [7], Cameroon K000107728 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cable, S. [837], Cameroon K000107722 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cable, S. [656], Cameroon K000107731 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [6056], Cameroon K000107723 No
Sep 1, 1995 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1534], Cameroon K000107729 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cable, S. [1167], Cameroon K000107726 No
Jan 1, 1995 Ndam, N. [678], Cameroon K000436367 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [4985], Cameroon K000541600 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [738], Cameroon K000025831 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [352], Cameroon K000436850 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5883], Cameroon K000461033 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [4985], Cameroon K000437094 No
Jan 1, 1995 Sonké, B. [729], Cameroon K000107727 No
Jan 1, 1995 Tekwe, C. [123], Cameroon K000436761 No
Jan 1, 1995 Ndam, N. [772], Cameroon K000436345 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [1510], Cameroon K000436344 No
Jan 1, 1995 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [498], Cameroon K000436346 No
Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [531], Cameroon K000437405 No
Jan 1, 1988 Thomas, D.W. [4346], Cameroon K000541598 No
Cheek, M. [7124], Cameroon 61930.000 No
Mann [s.n.], Cameroon K000345915 Yes
Mann [s.n.], Cameroon K000345914 Yes
Tuley, P. [687], Nigeria K000499429 Yes

First published in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(3): 116 (1887)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 178.
  • in Gartenfl. 36: 84 (1887)

CATE Araceae

  • Ntépé-Nyame, C. 1988. 31. Aracées. Flore du Cameroun. 140 pp.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0