Family:
Araceae Juss.

Culcasia parviflora N.E.Br.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Araceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Ecology
Slender climber in forest
Morphology Leaves
Cordate leaves of variable size
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe pale yellow-green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries scarlet.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Habitat
Forest zones, in shaded humid understorey of plains or damaged ground.
General Description
Plant climbing with slender stem, 1-2 mm diam., 1-2 mm diam. often branched, reaching 1-10 m above ground, generally bearing leaves directed towards the base, and flattened against the bark of the support; Internodes distant 1-7 cm; Anchor roots small 1-4 cm, ± numerous. LEAVES: Petiole canaliculate, 2-3 (-5) cm, sheathed more than halfway or almost the entire length, sheath spreading to expanded wings; Blade 2-15 (-21) x 1.2-4.5 (-8) cm, lanceolate or cordiform, very often bent back and pressed against the petiole, base cordate, sometimes subtruncate, apex curved in a scythe shape, acute or obtuse, mucronate; 2-3 pairs distinct primary veins, curved ascending, the upper ones uniting with the secondary veins on either side of the main vein into collective vein; Black, translucent glandular dashes in the parenchyma, numerous in a fresh state, ± visible when dry; presence of circular excressences, greyish, scattered here and there on the lower surface of the blade. INFLORESCENCES formed of 1-4 terminal spadices, rarely axillary; Peduncles short, curved, 0.5-3 cm (-6 cm in fruit); Spathe yellowish green, 1.2-2.5 cm; spadix with short stipe, 5 mm; Male flowers white; Female flowers white cream. INFRUCTESCENCES: Berries ovoid, 5-6 mm, red.
Distribution
From Guinea to Congo and Bas-Zaire; Common in Gabon and Cameroon where the species occurs in evergreen forst (Nkongsamba, Kumba, Limbe, Kribi/ Eséka, Yaoundé).

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Zaïre

Culcasia parviflora N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2019 Cheek, M. [11246], Cameroon K000339220 No
Jul 19, 2010 Tchouto [980], Cameroon K000381284 No
Jun 1, 2001 Kenfack, D. [244], Cameroon K000107787 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3573], Cameroon K000107801 No
Jun 1, 2001 Sidwell, K. [381], Cameroon K000107695 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3850], Cameroon K000107794 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3663], Cameroon K000107803 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1907], Cameroon K000107789 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2603], Cameroon K000107800 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2777], Cameroon K000107784 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1959], Cameroon K000107788 No
Jun 1, 2001 Biye, E. [15], Cameroon K000107683 No
Apr 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7675], Cameroon K000107776 No
Apr 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7660], Cameroon K000107778 No
Apr 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7456], Cameroon K000107777 No
Nov 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [7158], Cameroon K000107775 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [1023], Cameroon K000510791 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [747], Cameroon K000510795 No
Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [819], Cameroon K000510796 No
Jan 1, 1995 Thomas, D.W. [9774], Cameroon K000510816 No
Jan 1, 1995 Kwangue, A. [143], Cameroon K000510797 No
Jan 1, 1995 von Rege, I. [15], Cameroon K000510818 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5057], Cameroon K000510814 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [808], Cameroon K000510788 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5903], Cameroon K000510807 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5161], Cameroon K000510809 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [408], Cameroon K000510805 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [202], Cameroon K000510811 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [1022], Cameroon K000510792 No
Jan 1, 1995 Watts, J. [726], Cameroon K000510775 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5703], Cameroon K000510812 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5090], Cameroon K000510817 No
Jan 1, 1995 Wheatley, J.I. [819], Cameroon K000510794 No
Jan 1, 1995 Akogo, M. [25], Cameroon K000510790 No
Jan 1, 1995 Acworth, J.M. [317], Cameroon K000510808 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5480], Cameroon K000510801 No
Jan 1, 1995 von Rege, I. [100], Cameroon K000510819 No
Jan 1, 1995 Mbani, J. M. [163], Cameroon K000510786 No
Jan 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5882], Cameroon K000510810 No
Jan 1, 1995 Kwangue, A. [49], Cameroon K000510799 No
Jan 1, 1995 Baker, W.J. [210], Cameroon K000510806 No
Jan 1, 1995 Khayota, B. [470], Cameroon K000510793 No
Jan 1, 1995 Thomas, D.W. [9762], Cameroon K000510787 No
Jan 1, 1994 Fraser, J. [363], Cameroon K000510813 No
Jan 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [82], Cameroon K000510800 No
Jan 1, 1994 Sidwell, K. [108], Cameroon K000510798 No
Jan 1, 1994 Pouakouyou, D. [65], Cameroon K000510815 No
Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [497], Cameroon K000510803 No
Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [479], Cameroon K000510804 No
Jan 1, 1994 Wheatley, J.I. [494], Cameroon K000510802 No
Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1459], Cameroon K000510774 No
Jan 1, 1992 Wheatley, J.I. [273], Cameroon K000510789 No
Mann [105], Equatorial Guinea K000345906 Yes
Mann [105], Equatorial Guinea K000345905 Yes
Fraser, J. [421], Cameroon K000510820 No
Mann [s.n.], Equatorial Guinea K000345907 Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 176 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 23B: 299.
  • in F.T.A. 8: 176 (1901)

CATE Araceae

  • Ntépé-Nyame, C. 1988. 31. Aracées. Flore du Cameroun. 140 pp.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0