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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Asia to S. Transcaucasus.
Viola modesta

Native to:

Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Viola modesta Fenzl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kotschy [260], Syria K000327799
[Post] [s.n.], Syria K000327800

First published in Pug. Pl. Nov. Syr.: 12 (1842)

Accepted by

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1965). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 1: 1-567. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Schmidt, A. (1992). Flora Iranica 169: 1-29. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (eds.) (1980). Flora of Iraq 4(1): 1-628. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Yousefi, N., Saeidi Mehrvarz, S. & Marcussen, T. (2012). Taxonomy of Viola sect. Melanium (Violaceae) in Iran Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi 19: 35-43.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Yousefi, N., Saeidi Mehrvarz, S. & Marcussen, T. (2012). Taxonomy of Viola sect. Melanium (Violaceae) in Iran Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi 19: 35-43.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/