Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe.
Viola × scabra

Native to:

Austria, Belgium, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden

Viola × scabra F.Braun appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Flora 3: 469 (1820)

Accepted by

  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Jonsell, B. & Karlsson, T. (eds.) (2010). Flora Nordica 6: 1-298. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Stace, C.A., Preston, C.D. & Pearman, D.A. (2015). Hybrid flora of the British isles: 1-501. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Jonsell, B. & Karlsson, T. (eds.) (2010). Flora Nordica 6: 1-298. The Bergius Foundaton.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Saksonov, S.V. & al. (2014). Addition to the "synopsis of the flora of Eastern Europe vol. 1" (2012) in the middle Volga region and adjacent regions Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 99: 1067-1072.
  • Stace, C.A. (1975). Hybridization and the Flora of the British Isles: 1-626. Academic Press, London, New York, San Francisco.
  • iNaturalist.org (2019-countinuously updated). iNaturalist Research-grade Observations. Occurrence dataset http://www.inaturalist.org.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/