Family:
Araceae Juss.

Homalomena griffithii (Schott) Hook.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China to W. Malesia.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution

Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo.

General Description

Evergreen herb to 1,5 m tall. Subterranean stem a rhizome, to 9 × 4 cm, light brown outside and purplish white inside. Cataphylls sheathing separately petiole and peduncle, 10–20 cm long, brown; petiole to 100 × 1.5 cm, green or light dull orange with darker markings; leaf blade trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic, 20–30 × 8–12 cm, margins entire, apex acuminate, ending in an arista 1–1.5 cm long; central leaflet base cuneate, with a petiolule 3.5–6 cm long; lateral leaflets strongly asymmetrical, base convex, with a petiolule 2–3.5 cm long, glossy green with slightly impressed veins above, underside paler. Inflorescence held above the foliage; peduncle up to 1.1 m long × 5 mm across, green or purple becoming white-green towards the spathe; spathe tube subcylindrical, ca 6 × 1.5 cm at the base, widening to ca 2 cm near the mouth, pale green, paler at the base, translucent, spathe mouth margins with dark green, broad, semi-orbicular auricles, to 2 cm wide, overlapping behind; spathe limb obovate, 7–10 × ca 1.5 cm at the base, reaching ca 6 cm wide in the middle part, glossy green, apex acuminate with filiform tip to 1 cm long; spadix appendix slightly exserted from the tube, erect, subcylindrical, white-green, with a rounded, rugose apex, 2.5–4 cm long × 2–4 mm wide, sessile, often with 2 or 3 short bristles above the fertile part; fertile zone staminate or bisexual, 3.5–5 cm long; staminate flowers 2–4-androus, subsessile; anthers cream; thecae dehiscent by an oblong pore. Pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries ovoid; stigma on a short style, penicillate, white. Infructescence on an erect peduncle, cylindrical, to 5 × 2.5 cm; fruits bright red when ripe, ovoid, ca 6–7 mm long and wide, flattened on top, up to 4 seeds per berry. Seeds globose, 6–7 mm diam.

Habitat

Damp evergreen hill forest.

[CATE]
Use

None recorded.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Borneo, Cambodia, Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Homalomena griffithii (Schott) Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
34244.000 No
Griffith [5963], Malaysia K000675800 Unknown type material Yes
Griffith [5963], Malaysia K000675799 Unknown type material Yes
Lemann, C.M. [s.n.], Malaysia K000675801 Unknown type material Yes
Phillips [s.n.] K000675805 Unknown type material Yes
Scortechini, B. [176], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena elliptica K000400034 holotype Yes
Kunstler, H.H. [2573], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena elliptica K000400035 Yes
Scortechini, B. [256] Homalomena elliptica K000675820 holotype Yes
Sep 26, 1995 Homalomena deltoidea 74222.000 No
Homalomena deltoidea 59573.000 No
King, G. [s.n.], Malaysia Homalomena kingii K000675797 holotype Yes
Winkler, H. [2553] Homalomena hayupensis K000203231 Yes

First published in Fl. Brit. India 6: 534 (1893)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Sasikala, K., Vajravelu, E. & Daniel, P. (2019). Fascicles of Flora of India 29: 1-357. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sasikala, K., Vajravelu, E. & Daniel, P. (2019). Fascicles of Flora of India 29: 1-357. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0