Araceae Juss.

Homalomena humilis (Jack) Hook.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to W. & Central Malesia.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.


Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo.

General Description

Deciduous herb to 1.3 m tall. Subterranean stem a subglobose, stoloniferous tuber, up to 4 cm across and 2 cm high, white, with stolons to 10 × 1 cm. Pseudostem ca 20 cm long, green, mottled grey and pink. Leaf solitary, exceptionally bifoliate; cataphylls to 20 cm long, purple; petiole to 1 m long, similar in colour to the pseudostem; leaf blade radiate; leaflets 7–11, ovate, 10–20 × 4–6 cm, margins entire, apex acute, ending in an acumen 1 cm long, base cuneate and sessile, leaflets plain green, with impressed veins above, underside paler. Inflorescence held below the foliage; peduncle 5–20 cm long, green and pink mottled; spathe tube cylindrical, 4–6 × 1–1.2 cm, green with thin white stripes, spathe mouth margins recurved; spathe limb lanceolate, 5–8 × 3–4 cm, green, flushed red-brown, ending in a long brown tail to 25 cm long; spadix appendix well exserted from the tube, 5–6 cm long × 3–4 mm wide, pale green, stout, cylindrical, ending in a rounded and rugose apex curving forward; sessile, pistillate inflorescences with green bristles above the fertile part; fertile zone staminate or pistillate, cylindrical, 1.5–2 cm long; staminate flowers loosely arranged; pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries bottle-shaped, green; stigma sessile, penicillate, white. Infructescence on an erect peduncle, globose, 3–5 cm; fruits red-orange when ripe, 8–10 × 5–7 mm, top rounded, up to 3 seeds per berry. Seeds globose, 3–4 mm diam.


Lithophytic on rocks in lowland evergreen forest; on limestone or granite.


None recorded.

Native to:

Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand

Homalomena humilis (Jack) Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 2000 Lobb, T. [s.n.], Jawa K000675846 lectotype Yes
Sands, M.J.S. [180], Indonesia 32886.000 No
Scortechini, B [276b], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena velutina K000675807 lectotype Yes
Ridley, H.N. [14304], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena undulatifolia K000675806 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena angustifolia K000675821 holotype Yes
Boden-Kloss, C. [14777], Sumatera Homalomena mentawiensis K000675826 isotype Yes
Mitchell [44], Brunei Homalomena propinqua 59095.000 No
Yapp, R.H. [463], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena repens K000675838 Yes
Yapp, R.H. [463], Peninsular Malaysia Homalomena repens K000675839 Yes

First published in Fl. Brit. India 6: 533 (1893)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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