Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott

First published in H.W.Schott & S.L.Endlicher, Melet. Bot.: 20 (1832)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. China to Indo-China. It is a rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Vernacular
qian nian jian
General Description
Rhizome creeping; terminal part of stem erect, 30–50cm tall; cataphylls and prophylls linear-lanceolate, 15–16 × ca. 2.5cm. Petiole 25–40cm, proximal part with 2–5 mm wide sheath; leaf blade sagittate-cordate, 15–30 × (8–)15–28cm or usually more; primary veins 7 per side, 2–4 of these basal, downward to basal lobes and then arching into leaf margin, secondary and tertiary ones thinner, numerous. Inflorescences 1–3 together; peduncle shorter than petioles, 10–15cm. Spathe pale green, oblong or elliptic, 5–6.5 × 3–3.2cm, fusiform before anthesis, distal part slightly spreading and shortly boat-shaped at anthesis, 5–6cm wide when spread out completely, apex with a beak ca. 1cm. Spadix sessile or shortly stipitate, 3–5cm; female zone 1–1.5cm × 4–5mm; ovary oblong, 3-loculed, with 1 staminode at side of base; ovules numerous; placentation axile; stigma disciform; male zone 2–3cm × 3–4mm. Seeds brown, oblong.
Phenology
Fl. Jul–Sep.
Habitat
Dense valley forests, bamboo forests, mountain shrub forests.
[CATE]

Uses

Use
The aromatic rhizomes are used medicinally to treat traumatic injuries, fractures, stomach aches, lumbago, intestinal parasites, and rheumatic arthralgia.
[CATE]

Sources

  • CATE Araceae

    • Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0