Monstera deliciosa Liebm.

First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1: 19 (1849)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas) to Guatemala. It is a liana and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 450–2620 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño.
Habit
Herb, Hemiepiphyte, Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Abalazos, Balazo, Ceriman, Hojadillo, Piña anona, Piñanona
[UPFC]

J. R. Timberlake, E. S. Martins (2012). Flora Zambesiaca, Vol 12 (part 1) Araceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
Swiss Cheese Plant
Morphology General Habit
Climbing or sprawling plant with stout green internodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate, up to 90 × 75 cm, regularly pinnatifid, adult leaf perforated in several parallel series, cordate to subcordate; petiole longer than blade, up to 1m long, pulvinate apically, sheath with persistent margins, reaching to petiole-apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers extremely infrequently; spathe broadly boat-shaped, soon deciduous; spadix cylindric. Flowers bisexual, perigone absent
Note
(Description taken from F.T.E.A.)
Distribution
Recorded from Zimbabwe in the Flora area.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 450 - 2620 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, trepadora, hemiepífita
[CPLC]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
abalazo, abalazos, balazo, balazos, hojadillo, hojarrota, milbalazos, ojalillo, uñedanta
[UNAL]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Use
A common ornamental climber throughout the world. The ripe fruits are edible although the outer ‘rind’ of thickened styles should be avoided, being full of needle- like trichosclereids.
[FZ]

Common Names

English
Swiss-cheese Plant

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0