Crassula L.

Crassula perfoliata var. heterotricha (Schinz) Toelken

This variety is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.


Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
A succulent undershrub or shrub, 20·50 cm. (or more?) high.
Morphology Stem
Stem sprawling with apical portion erect, ± branched, 6-25 mm. in diameter, woody, blackish, leafless and marked by the scars of the fallen leaves or with dried older leaves towards the base, leafy like the branches for the uppermost 3-22 cm.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves (3)5-10·5(17·5) x 1-1·5(2·5) cm., the median ones the longest, oblong or triangular in outline, usually nearly parallel-sided, obtuse, rounded or rarely acute at the apex, entire at the margin, sessile and connate-amplexicaul at the base, very fleshy, flat above, convex beneath or sometimes subtrigonous, grey-green or glaucous to whitish, closely covered everywhere (except towards the base on the upper face) by an indumentum of contiguous, very short, blunt, whitish papillae, decussate or in two opposite rows, usually very dense, spreading to erect-spreading, rarely arched at the base and then upright, straight (not falcate); internodes usually many times shorter than the leaves, the upper ones completely concealed by the sheaths of the leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, usually in ± dense, subspheric, corymbose inflorescences, 3·5-7 cm. in diameter; peduncle 7·5-14 cm. long and up to 3-5 mm. in diameter below, erect, papillose as the leaves towards the base and patently or retrorsely hairy upwards (the hairs dense, thin, acute, fulvous or whitish), with 3-4 pairs of bracts, 3-forked at the apex; pedicels up to 3 mm. long, hispidulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3-4·5 mm. long, greyish, hairy; sepals c. 1 mm. broad at the base, triangular to linear-lanceolate, acute to subobtuse, connate for c. 1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-9(10) mm. long, white; petals 1-1·5 mm. broad, oblong or linear-oblong, subobtuse to acute and mucronulate just below the apex, smooth or minutely papillose-scabrous on both faces, connate at base for c. 1-75 mm., reflexed at the top.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments 4-6 mm. long; anthers 1-1·25(1·5) mm. long when unopened, shorter after dehiscence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles 5·5-8·5 mm. long (with the styles), attenuate above into the styles, minutely tuberculate everywhere or only along the suture.
Morphology General Scales
Scales ± 0·5 x 0·75 mm.

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Crassula perfoliata var. heterotricha (Schinz) Toelken appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [s.n.], Mozambique Crassula heterotricha K001094754 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Crassula heterotricha K001094755 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Crassula heterotricha K001094756 Yes

First published in J. S. African Bot. 41: 115 (1975)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.