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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda.
Raphidophora africana

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

General Description
Plant crawling at first, then climbing up to 10-12 m tall, then epiphytic; roots aerial, these are nodal, vertical and keep contact with the ground, the others are internodal or clamping, horizontal, 3-7cm long; stem thick, 0.5-1.5cm diameter when dry. LEAVES with petioles 15-27 (-35) cm, flattened on one face, enlarged at the base, bulging and often striate transversely at the apex; leaf blade 20-40 (-50) x 8-11 (-15) cm, thick, assymetric, oblong to lanceolate, base acute, decurrent on the petiole, apex acuminate, acumen ± 0.5-2.5 cm; numerous primary parallel veins connected by a network of not very visible secondary veins. INFLORESCENCE axillary, in groups of 3-5; peduncle cylindrical, creased transversely here and there, 7-15 cm long; spathe 7-13 cm, convolute closed, in a banana shape, terminating by a pointed beak of 1-1.5 cm tall, initially green then yellow after anthesis, finally brown blackish and caducous after fruiting; spadix 7-12 cm tall, cylindrical, with raphides, completely covered in white bisexual flowers, naked; 1-2 stamens placed in each furrow of the obpyramidal ovary, bilocular; many anatropous ovules per locule; stigma sessile, depressed in a nipple. INFRUCTESCENCE: Fruiting spadix aromatic, dimensions not modified; berries putrefying, freeing the acute white seeds, 4-5 mm high.
Habitat
Heliophile (sunloving), mounted high in the trees (5-15m) in sunny places in dense humid forest (forest edges, depressions, waste lands etc).

[FWTA]

Araceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Ecology
Climbing up trees in forest, up to 80-100 ft. high, but apparently often much less
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe greenish yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white.

[FTEA]

Araceae, S.J. Mayo. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
High-climbing, lianescent herb.
Morphology Stem
Stem closely adpressed to support, attached by adventitious roots; internodes 2–5 cm. long, 0.7–1.0 cm. in diameter, longer and more slender in juvenile plants.
Morphology Leaves
Petiole 8–27 cm. long; sheath extending over most of petiole length, margins deciduous; blade oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, 16–36 cm. long, 5–12.5 cm. broad, acuminate, base cuneate to subacute; lateral veins numerous, parallel, equal in thickness.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–4 near shoot tip; peduncle 12 cm. long, 0.6–0.7 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe cylindric, with conic beaked tip, 8–10 cm. long, 1.7–2.3 cm. in diameter, thick, fleshy, containing numerous trichosclereids, green, becoming creamy white at maturity and then deciduous while still tubular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spadix
Spadix subcylindric, tapering slightly at apex, 6–8.5 cm. long, 1.5–2 cm. in diameter, white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1 mm. long, 1 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil 0.35–0.4 cm. long, 0.3 cm. in diameter; ovary unilocular; ovules numerous, with long funicles, arranged on 1–2 intrusive, parietal placentas with 5–6 ovules inserted separately at base of septum; stigma elliptic to shortly linear, ± 0.1 cm. long, prominent.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Swamp forest; 1100–1200 m.
Distribution
U4 also West and Central Africa

Native to:

Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zaïre

Rhaphidophora africana N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2001 Sidwell, K. [373], Cameroon K000107698
Jun 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [71], Cameroon K000107707
Jun 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8107], Cameroon K000107835
Sep 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [7069], Cameroon K000107832
Sep 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [6073], Cameroon K000107834
Sep 1, 1995 Cable, S. [948], Cameroon K000107831
Sep 1, 1995 Groves, M. [31], Cameroon K000107833
Sep 1, 1995 Lane, P. [448], Cameroon K000107830
Jan 1, 1995 Nguembock, F. [79], Cameroon K000510770
Jan 1, 1995 Mbani, J. M. [25], Cameroon K000510769
Jan 1, 1994 Wheatley, J.I. [830], Cameroon K000510773
Jan 1, 1936 Deighton, F.C. [3123], Sierra Leone K000499422
Brenan, J.P.M. [8787], Nigeria 17088.000
Dawkins, H.C. [473], Uganda 22452.000
Onochie, C.F.A. [36321x], Nigeria 27454.000
Bogner, J. [100] 32065.000
Bogner, J. [708], Gabon 37463.000
Scott Elliot, G.F. [4940], Sierra Leone K000345859 syntype
Scott Elliot, G.F. [5524], Sierra Leone K000345860 syntype
Mann [103], Equatorial Guinea K000345861 syntype
Mann [103], Equatorial Guinea K000345862 syntype
Mann [103], Equatorial Guinea K000345863 syntype
Cummins, H.A. [47], Ghana K000345864 syntype
Thomas, D.W. [10111], Cameroon K000510765

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 286 (1897)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Harris, D.J. (2002). The vascular plants of the Dzanga-Sangha Reserve, Central African Republic: 1-274. National Botanic Garden (Belgium), Meise.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Bot. 678
  • F.T.A. 8: 200
  • Morton, Lilies & Orch. fig. 60.
  • in Kew Bull. 1897: 286

CATE Araceae

  • Knecht, M. 1983. Aracées de la Côte dIvoire - Contribution à l'étude biosystématique des représentants d'Aracées de la Côte d'Ivoire.' Phanerogamarum Monographiae Tom.. XVII: 290 pp.
  • Ntépé-Nyame, C. 1988. 31. Aracées. Flore du Cameroun. 140 pp.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 114 (1968).
  • N.E. Br. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 286 (1897)
  • N.E. Br. in Flora of Tropical Africa 8: 200 (1901).

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/