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This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia to Sumatera.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
Large, occasionally enormous, robust, semi-leptocaul, homeophyllous liane to 20 m; seedling stage leafy at germination and skototropic by alternating series of congested leafy and elongated leafless shoots; pre-adult plants almost never forming terrestrial colonies; adult shoot architecture comprised of greatly elongated, clinging, physiognomically monopodial, sparsely leafy, non-flowering stems and short, free, sympodial, densely leafy, potentially flowering stems; stems smooth, bright green, without prophyll, cataphyll and petiolar sheath fibre, internodes to 20 x 3.5 cm on adherent shoots, considerably shorter on free shoots, separated by prominent oblique leaf scars, older stems sub-woody; flagellate foraging stems exceedingly long with internodes to 50 cm or more and nodes with semi-persistent cataphylls; clasping roots densely arising from the nodes and internodes of clinging stems, prominently pubescent; feeding roots rare, adherent, pubescent; LEAVES weakly spiralled on adherent and flagelliform shoots, those on free shoots distichous into dense few to many-leaved fans; cataphylls and prophylls sub-coriaceous, soon drying and falling; petiole deeply canaliculate, 8-24 x 1.2-2.5 cm, smooth, apical and basal genicula prominent; petiolar sheath prominent, extending to or occasionally, by means of a terminal brief ligule, overtopping the apical geniculum, ± long persistent and drying chartaceous; lamina entire, falcate-lanceolate to falcate-oblong, oblique, 15-61 x 4-20 cm, sub-chartaceous, base acute to unequal, apex acute to slightly acuminate; mid-rib prominently raised abaxially, slightly sunken adaxially; primary venation pinnate, slightly raised abaxially, somewhat impressed adaxially, the leaf appearing slightly quilted; interprimaries sub-parallel to primaries, slightly raised abaxially, slightly impressed adaxially; secondary venation weakly reticulate, slightly raised; tertiary venation invisible; INFLORESCENCE solitary from the centre of the fanned leaves of a free shoot, subtended by a fully developed foliage leaf; peduncle terete, 11-13 x 1-1.2 cm; spathe narrowly canoe-shaped, stoutly beaked, 16-29 x 2-3.5 cm, stiffly fleshy, greenish to white, gaping basally at anthesis and then persistent partly into fruit development although eventually falling to leave a large oblique scar at the base of the spadix; spadix cylindrical, sessile, obliquely inserted on peduncle, 12-23 x 1.5--2 cm, dirty white; stylar region rather well developed, mostly rhombohexagonal, 2-2.2 x 2 mm, truncate; stigma punctiform, c.c. 0.3 mm diam., but ovaries on lowermost part of spadix with longitudinally orientated elongated stigmas c.c. 1 x 0.25 mm; anthers not exserted at anthesis, pollen extruded from between ovaries; INFRUCTESCENCE 14-20 x 2.5-3.5 cm, dark green before ripening.
Sumatera and Peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak, Selangor) .
Primary to disturbed moist to wet lowland to upper hill dipterocarp forest along rivers, on lofty trees and rocks on both acid and base substrates.
A frequently very high-climbing species unmistakable by the scattered fans of large bright-green soft-textured litter-trapping leaves carried on short stout shoots and held at about 90º to the ± leafless main stem. The large slender inflorescences arise from these fans.

Native to:

Malaya, Sumatera

Rhaphidophora angustata Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2002 Binnendyek [s.n.], Sumatera K000291818 isotype

First published in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 128 (1863)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.


CATE Araceae

  • P.C. Boyce 1999. The Genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae-Monsteroideae-Monstereae) in Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore Gardens Bulletin Singapore. 51: 183-256

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.