Family:
Araceae Juss.

Rhaphidophora pertusa (Roxb.) Schott

This species is accepted, and its native range is Maldives, S. India, Andaman Islands, Bangladesh to N. Thailand, Sri Lanka. It is used as a medicine and for food.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution

Sri Lanka (but not collected there for more than a century), S India north-eastwards (type) to Bangladesh and Myanmar to N Thailand

General Description

Deciduous herb to 0.5 m tall. Subterranean stem a subglobose tuber, to 6 cm across × 4 cm high, tan outside, white inside. Pseudostem 10–17 × 1 cm, green, carmine or purple. Leaf solitary; cataphylls 2–10 cm long, pale carmine; petiole 15–35 × ca 1 cm, dark pink, sometimes with darker stripes; leaf blade trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic-ovate, 20–30 × 10–14 cm, margins undulate, apex acuminate ending in a short arista; central leaflet base convex, with a petiolule to 3.5 cm long; lateral leaflets slightly asymmetrical, base cuneate with a petiolule to 1.5 cm long, glossy medium green, with impressed veins above, paler underside with raised reddish veins. Inflorescence more or less held at foliage level; peduncle 15–25 cm long × ca 1 cm wide at the base, same colour as the petiole, or pale white-green; spathe tube cylindrical, to 5.5 × ca 2 cm, pale yellow-green to white with faint darker veins; spathe mouth margins hardly recurved, pale yellow-green; spathe limb horizontal, ovate, nearly the length of the tube, 4–6 × 4 cm, outside and inside yellow or light green, with a white spot, more or less conspicuous at the base; spadix appendix protruding from the tube, but shorter than the spathe, bent forward, 4–6 cm long, pale yellow-green, subulate, lower part conical, 4–5 mm wide, sessile, with long, yellow bristles, 1–1.7 cm long, in the middle part, and, in pistillate spadices, shorter and green projections, 4–8 mm long, just above the pistillate flowers; fertile zone staminate or pistillate, 2.5–3.5 cm long; staminate flowers loosely arranged, 2–3-androus, anthers tan or grey to pale orange, on a green stalk, 2–3 mm long; thecae dehiscing by an elongate pore; pistillate flowers densely arranged; ovaries ovoid, green; stigma on a short style, penicillate, white. Infructescence on an erect peduncle, subcylindrical, to 8 × 2.5 cm; fruits ca 1 × ca 0.7 cm, prismatic, apically flattened with stigmatic remains, red-orange when ripe. Seeds unknown.

Habitat

Evergreen forest or mixed deciduous lowland to montane forest, on granite and limestone.

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand

Rhaphidophora pertusa (Roxb.) Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Boyce, P.C. [1355], Bangladesh 63935.000 No

First published in Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 45 (1857)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sasikala, K., Vajravelu, E. & Daniel, P. (2019). Fascicles of Flora of India 29: 1-357. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ara, H., & Abul Hassan, M. (2005). New records of three aroids from Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 12: 25-32.
  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Sasikala, K., Vajravelu, E. & Daniel, P. (2019). Fascicles of Flora of India 29: 1-357. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0