Family:
Araceae Juss.

Schismatoglottis calyptrata (Roxb.) Zoll. & Moritzi

This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Guangxi) to Vanuatu.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Vernacular
guang xi luo yan
Phenology
Fl. Jun.
Habitat
Dense tropical forests, forest understories, on rocks.
General Description
Herbs, stoloniferous, 15–60cm tall. Petiole 5–50cm, smooth, proximal 1/3 sheathing, sheath persistent; leaf blade mid-green, sometimes variegated, cordate to sagittate, 7–35 × 4–18cm; midrib abaxially prominent, primary lateral veins 6–15 per side, entirely raised abaxially, nearly always raised adaxially toward midrib, marginally impressed, secondary venation arising mostly from midrib. Inflorescences 1–8 together; peduncle erect at anthesis, then deflexed, 6–20cm. Spathe 3.5–12cm, basal part green, narrowly ovoid, ca. 1/2 length of whole spathe limb, differentiated by an abrupt constriction, at female anthesis much inflated, creamy to pale greenish yellow, narrowing and turbinate, completely surrounding spadix and gaping ventrally or with margins loosely overlapping, conspicuously mucronate at apex, caducous immediately after female anthesis. Spadix ca. 3/4 length of spathe, narrowly hourglass-shaped; female zone ca. 1/2 length of spadix, obliquely inserted or partially adnate to spathe, 5–8mm in diam., distally tapering; pistils congested, pale green, flask-shaped, ca. 1 × 0.5mm, distally more widely spaced and subglobose; interpistillar staminodes few, white, clavate, taller than pistils; sterile zone absent; male zone ivory, narrowly obconic, ca. 1/2 length of female zone, distally 0.5–1cm in diam.; anthers dumbbell-shaped, ca. 0.5 × 1mm; appendix creamy yellow, bullet-shaped, basally somewhat wider than apex of male zone; appendix staminodes columnar, irregularly polygonal, ca. 0.5mm in diam. Fruiting spathe declined, urceolate.

[CATE]
Use
The stems are used as a tonic medicine to treat lumbago and arthralgia.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, China Southeast, Malaya, Maluku, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Vanuatu

Schismatoglottis calyptrata (Roxb.) Zoll. & Moritzi appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 20, 2000 Willis, F.R. [66], Indonesia 71457.000 No
Jun 1, 2000 Zollinger, H. [318], Jawa K000291709 isotype Yes
Jun 1, 2000 s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000255474 Yes
Dec 1, 1999 Hay, A. [6026], Papua New Guinea 70837.000 No
Dec 1, 1999 Wheatley, M. [117], Papua New Guinea 70844.000 No
Dec 1, 1999 Hetterscheid, W. [s.n.], Indonesia 70851.000 No
Dec 1, 1999 Hay, A. [6014], Papua New Guinea 70854.000 No
Dec 1, 1999 Wheatley, M. [43], Papua New Guinea 70856.000 No
Dec 1, 1999 Lorzing, J.A. [5441], Sumatera K000291708 holotype Yes
Dec 1, 1999 Gibbs, L.S. [6167], Irian Jaya K000291725 holotype Yes
Dec 1, 1999 s.coll. [s.n.], New Guinea K000291726 epitype Yes
Dec 1, 1999 s.coll. [s.n.] K000291727 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Forlonge, L.J. [276], Philippines 70840.000 No
Malaysia 46560.000 No
Simpson, D.A. [89/147], Brunei 56607.000 No
58076.000 No
58116.000 No
58134.000 No
Wilkin, P. [833], Thailand 60786.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Malaysia 61226.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Malaysia 61227.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Australia 63396.000 No
Herscovitch, Australia 63397.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Australia 63399.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Malaysia 63638.000 No
Herscovitch, C., Malaysia 63644.000 No

First published in A.Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Java: 83 (1846)

Accepted by

  • Boyce, P.C., Sookchaloem, D., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Gusman, G., Jacobsen, N., Idei, T. & Nguyen, V.D. (2012). Flora of Thailand 11(2): 101-325. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kurniawan, A., Adjie, B. & Boyce, P.C. (2011). Studies on the Araceae of Sulawesi I: New taxa of Schismatoglottis and Homalomena, and a preliminary checklist and keys for Sulawesi Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 61: 40-50.
  • Mansor, M., Boyce, P.C., Othman, A.S. & Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of peninsular Malaysia: 1-146. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Hen(g) Li, Guang Hua Zhu, Boyce, P.C., Murata, J., Hetterscheid, W.L.A., Bogner, J. & Jacobsen, N. 2010. Araceae in Flora of China @ efloras.org.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0