Family:
Araceae Juss.

Culcasia ekongoloi Ntépé-Nyamè

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central Tropical Africa to Nigeria.

[CATE]

CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

Distribution
Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Central African Republic, Zaire
Diagnostic
By the minute stigma, the frequent sympodial branching of the finely (‘tubéreuse’) [verrucose] stem, the ascending venation, this species is very close to Culcasia insulana, but it differs principally by the existence of a network of holey parenchyma, and by the stipitate spadix.
Habitat
In Cameroon, this species is abundant in gallery forest in regions in the west, Adamaoua, and it seems, towards Dschang; to a lesser degree, and doubtfully in the regions of Ntem and Dja, in humid gallery forest.
General Description
Plant creeping, then climbing to 6 m above the ground; Anchor roots short, 0.5-3 cm; Stem densely and finely verrucose, 2-5 mm thick when dry; branching generally sympodially into 2 unequal branches, the shorter one, 2-3 cm, most often becoming the flowering shoot; Internodes 2-9 cm. LEAVES: Petiole 7-11 cm; Sheath spreading and ending abruptly, 1-3 cm from the apex of the petiole; Blade 10-22 x 4-8 cm, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, very assymetric, base cuneiform to obtuse, shortly decurrent on the petiole, apex shortly acuminate, curved in a scythe shape; 4-7 pairs of primary veins, shortly ascending; Dense network of secondary veins and veinlets as prominent as the primary veins; In each mesh, a translucent network corresponding to a holey parenchyma; Glandular lines or dots absent o3r rarely present on the lower surface of the blade, which is generally thick and waxy. INFLORESCENCES terminal, 1-6; Peduncles generally almost as long as the petioles, 3-9 cm, often borne on a very short floral shoot; Spathe, 2-3 cm, green, acuminate, not constricted at the base, rapidly caducous; spadix cream, included, stipe thick, 2-7 mm long; Stigma small, ca. ¼ of the apex of the ovary, unilocular, uniovulate; Ovule campylotropous. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries green, then orange, finally red.

Native to:

Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Nigeria, Zaïre

Culcasia ekongoloi Ntépé-Nyamè appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 1, 2019 Watts, J. [210], Cameroon K000437964 No
Mar 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13457], Cameroon K000580161 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8402], Cameroon K000107782 No
Jun 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [372], Cameroon K000107786 No
Jun 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [177], Cameroon K000107673 No
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9628], Cameroon K000107709 No
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4164], Cameroon K000107672 No
Sep 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [6041], Cameroon K000107795 No
Jun 22, 1987 Hepper, F.N. [1582] K000499441 Yes

First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 1984: 316 (1984)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

CATE Araceae

  • Ntépé-Nyame, C. 1988. 31. Aracées. Flore du Cameroun. 140 pp.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images