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This species is accepted, and its native range is Papua New Guinea to SW. Pacific.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
Moderate to large, robust, semi-pachycaul homeophyllous liane to 15 m; seedling stage not observed; pre-adult plants forming small terrestrial colonies; adult shoot architecture comprised of elongated, clinging, physiognomically unbranched, leafy, non-flowering stems and short, usually unbranched, free, sympodial, densely leafy, flowering stems; stems smooth, terete in cross-section, with sparse prophyll, cataphyll and petiolar sheath fibre, this soon falling, internodes 0.5-8 x 0.5-2 cm on clinging shoots, usually shorter and stouter on free shoots, separated by large, straight, corky leaf scars, older stems woody; flagellate foraging stems absent; clasping roots densely arising from the nodes and internodes of clinging stems, notably pubescent; feeding roots not observed; LEAVES weakly spiro-distichous on clinging and free shoots; cataphylls and prophylls membranous, quickly drying and degrading into sparse fibres, these soon falling; petiole deeply canaliculate, 14-66 x 0.3-0.1.5 cm, apical and basal geniculum moderately prominent; petiolar sheath prominent, extending to the apical geniculum, swiftly drying and degrading into sparse, soon-falling fibres; lamina entire, ovate-oblong to oblong-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, sometimes slightly oblique, occasionally falcate, 5.7-76 x 2.5-32 cm, thinly to quite coriaceous (larger laminas tending to be thinner textured), often drying strongly discolorous, adaxially mid-brown, abaxially pale brown, base unequal, cuneate to rounded, subtruncate or weakly cordate, where present basal 'lobes' more developed on one side, apex acute to obtuse, acuminate with a prominent, short tubule; midrib prominently raised abaxially, ± sunken adaxially; primary venation pinnate, raised abaxially and adaxially; interprimaries sub-parallel to primaries, hardly less prominent, slightly raised abaxially and adaxially; secondary venation reticulate, slightly raised; INFLORESCENCE solitary to several together, strongly sweet-fragrant, if solitary then subtended by a partially to fully developed foliage leaf, if more then one than subsequent inflorescences each subtended by a soon-degrading membranous prophyll and cataphyll; peduncle compressed-terete, often with a deep longitudinal sulcus on the shoot side, 5-19 x 0.25-1 cm; spathe broadly canoe-shaped, stoutly beaked, 9.5-16 x 2.5-5.5 cm (up to c. 7 cm wide when flattened out), stiff-fleshy, cream at male anthesis, caducous leaving a large, straight scar; spadix cylindrical, inserted ± level to somewhat obliquely on peduncle, 6.2-15.5 x 1.2-1.5 cm, creamy white at male anthesis; stylar region mostly hexagonal, 1.6-2.4 x c. 2 mm diam., truncate, area around stigma sunken; stigma punctiform to slightly ellipsoid, c. 0.5-0.7 mm x 0.5 mm; anthers exserted at male anthesis; INFRUCTESCENCE stoutly oblong to tapering-cylindrical, 10-12 x 1.1-2.5 cm.
Well-drained primary and secondary lowland to upper hill forest, on rocky, red soils
Papua New Guinea (Western Prov.), Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal, New Georgia, San Cristobal and the Santa Cruz Group), Fiji, Western and American Samoa.
Rhaphidophora spuria is the only entire-leaved Rhaphidophora indigenous to Fiji and Samoa. Examination of the types of R. spuria, R. graeffei and R. reineckei reveals no characters separating these species hitherto recognized as endemic for Fiji (R. spuria) and the Samoan islands ( R. graeffei and R. reineckei). The earliest name, R. spuria , is adopted here. Rhaphidophora spuria is most similar to R. intonsa from Papua New Guinea (Morobe and Central Prov.) but may be readily distinguished by the truncate to weakly cordate lamina base and in having very much less fibre at the shoot tips.

Native to:

Fiji, New Guinea, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is.

Rhaphidophora spuria (Schott) Nicolson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 2001 Stork, J. [911], Fiji K000499198
Aug 1, 2001 Seeman, B. [655], Fiji K000499199 Unknown type material

First published in Allertonia 1: 348 (1978)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


CATE Araceae

  • P.C. Boyce 2001. The Genus Rhaphidophora Hassk. (Araceae-Monsteroideae-Monstereae) in New Guinea, Australia and the Tropical Western Pacific Gardens Bulletin Singapore. 53: 75-183

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.