Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Senna Mill.

Senna × floribunda (Cav.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous undershrub, shrub or small tree usually up to 3(–4.5) m. (or ? more) high.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets glabrous, green.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:petiole eglandular; rhachis glandular between all, or all but the topmost pair of leaflets. Stipules linear, very quickly falling off. Leaflets in normally 3–4 pairs (very rarely and sporadically 2 pairs by reduction, and in America as many as 5 pairs), lanceolate to ovate, almost symmetrical, (3–)4–11.3 cm. long, (1.6–)2–4 cm. wide, acutely and gradually tapering or subacuminate to apex, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes axillary and apparently terminal, often aggregated near branchlet-ends.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals rounded at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate to obovate-suborbicular, bright yellow, 1–1.5(–2) cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens:2 with large anthers and long filaments; 1 with medium anther and filament; 4 with rather smaller anthers and very short filaments; 3 with usually reduced empty rounded anthers and very short filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods subterete, brown, very shortly or not beaked, slowly dehiscent, 6.2–10 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. in diameter, longitudinally and transversely septate within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, not embedded in pulp, olive, asymmetrically obovate, 5–6 × 3.5–4 mm.; areoles absent.
Habitat
Various: grassland, wooded grassland, river-banks, papyrus-swamps, upland dry evergreen forest; also in hedges, by roadsides, and in disturbed or waste ground; 910–3200 m.
Distribution
widespread in the tropics, but probably native of America onlydoubtless an alien in East Africa K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 T3 T7 U2

Native to:

Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest

Introduced into:

Canary Is., Cuba, East Himalaya, Jamaica, Madeira, Mauritius, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, St.Helena

Senna × floribunda (Cav.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hinton, G.B. [8278], Mexico K000119641 No
Hinton, G.B. [8278], Mexico K000119640 No
Mandon, G. [753], Bolivia K000556663 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa Cassia × floribunda K000789268 Yes

First published in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 360 (1982)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Verloove, F. (2017). New xenophytes from the Canary islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain) Acta Botanica Croatica 76: 120-131.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0