Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Senna Mill.

Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby

This species is accepted, and its native range is Sri Lanka, Indo-China. It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1600 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree
Morphology Leaves
Leaves eglandular; leaflets 4–16 pairs, ovate-oblong to elliptic-oblong, 3–7.5 x 1.2–2.5 cm, puberulous beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes dense, aggregated into erect terminal panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–3.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals bright yellow, 1.2–2 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 15–30 x 1.2–1.6 cm, tardily dehiscent.
Distribution
Cultivated at least in C1 and S2 native in SE tropical Asia.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1600 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Amarillo, Aramana, Flamboyan, Iron Wood Tree, Jahor, Kassod Tree, Manga Konnei, Siamese Senna, Vakai, Wa

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
abeto, acacia, acacia amarilla, acacia de Siam, acacio amarillo, acacio santandereano, alcaparro, carmín, casia amarilla, floramarillo, guamo de mico

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 20 m or more; bark smooth, grey.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets dark brown, sparsely puberulous, somewhat ridged longitudinally.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; stipules not seen (minute, subulate according to Brenan), presumably early caducous; petiole 2–4.2 cm long, pubescent; rachis 7.5–23 cm long, pubescent; leaflets in 6–12 pairs, 2.4–6.8 × 1.1–2.9 cm, elliptic to oblong, base rounded to cuneate, apex obtuse to retuse, shortly mucronate, sparsely appressed-pubescent beneath, marginal nerve prominent; petiolules 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, paniculate; bracts 3–4 mm long, linear, pubescent, present at anthesis; pedicels 2.5–3.5 cm long at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, dimorphic, two c.5 × 4 mm, three c.10 × 8 mm, broadly ovate, glabrous to sparsely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, c.12 × 10 mm, broadly obovate, claw 2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; seven fertile with anthers 4–5 mm long, two with filaments c.10 mm long, five with filaments c.5 mm long; three probably infertile with reduced anthers and short filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c.5 mm long, puberulous; style 2–3 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 15–23 × 0.9–1.3 cm, linear, glabrous, tardily dehiscent along both sutures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, c.7 × 6 mm, discoid, flat.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[FSOM]
Use
Ornamental

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Wood

Native to:

Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Leeward Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1983 Hage, J.L. [679], Bahia K000055632 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Kirkbride, J.H. Jr [3410], Goiás K000840237 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Kirkbride, J.H. Jr [3410], Goiás K000840240 Yes
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S. [11914], Bahia K000055631 Yes
Jan 1, 1978 Almeida, J. [344], Bahia K000055633 Yes
Lewis, G.P. [s.n.], Brazil 55281.000 No
Irwin, H.S. [5050], Pará K000840238 Yes
Steward, W.C. [20192], Amazonas K000840241 Yes
Pabst, G.F.J. [9361], Rio de Janeiro K000840239 Yes
Colombia K000927401 Yes
Colombia K000927402 Yes
Venezuela K000927403 Yes
Venezuela K000927404 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5305] Cassia sumatrana K001120464 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5305] Cassia sumatrana K001120465 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5305] Cassia sumatrana K001120485 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5305] Cassia sumatrana K001120466 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5305] Cassia sumatrana K001120468 Yes
Margrave, C. [5305] Cassia siamea K000789280 Yes
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], India Cassia siamea K000789320 Yes
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], India Cassia siamea K000808456 Yes
s.coll. [5305], Myanmar Cassia siamea K000789281 Yes
s.coll. [5303] Cassia siamea K000789282 Yes

First published in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 35: 98 (1982)

Accepted by

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  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
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  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1978). Flore des Mascareignes 177-188 IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
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  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Souza, V.C. & al. (2016). Flora dos Estados de Goiás e Tocantins 48: 1-147. Universidade federal de Goiás.
  • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
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Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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