Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous tree, up to 30 m tall, usually buttressed, with light grey, smooth bark; young twigs pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate, 4–8 x 2.5–4.5 cm, acuminate at the apex, slightly unequal-sided at the base, with entire margins except on seedlings and suckers, scabrid, subglabrous with hairs usually present on the veins beneath and in tufts in the angles of the lateral veins, basal veins extending into the upper part of the blade; petiole up to 6 mm long; stipules linear, up to 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes axillary, up to c. 3 cm long, with many male flowers, the upper cymes with terminal female and bisexual flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, up to c. 3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pubescent, with 2–3-branched styles up to 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe subglobose, up to 10 mm long, yellow-orange, puberulous.
Distribution
S3 Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan and westwards to Senegal
Ecology
Altitude range c. 40 m.
Vernacular
Gabal (Somali).
Note
The only Somali collection seen comes from Bareka Madow at the Jubba R. south of Buaale.

[FWTA]

Ulmaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A large spreading tree, to 80 ft. high and 15 ft. girth
Ecology
Mainly in the drier savannah regions.

[FTEA]

Ulmaceae, R. M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Large spreading deciduous monoecious tree, up to 25 m. high, with tall narrow buttresses; bark light grey, smooth or scaly.
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades broadly ovate, 4.6–7.8 cm. long, 3.5–4.8 cm. wide, shortly acuminate, rounded to subcordate at the base, unequal-sided, usually entire, sometimes toothed in the upper half, scabrous, subglabrous with a few hairs on the veins beneath and in the vein-angles, 3–5-nerved from the base, with the basal lateral nerves ascending well into the upper half and the upper prominent lateral nerves 1–3 on each side of the midrib; petiole 4–6 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules linear, 4–5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes 1–2 cm. long in flower, up to 4 cm. in fruit, axillary or at the nodes below, with many clustered ♂ flowers and, the upper ones in particular, with several terminal ♀, hermaphroditeflowers on ± 3 mm. long pedicels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, 2–2.5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary shortly pubescent with a ring of longer hairs at the base; styles. 2–3-branched, 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, 8–11 mm. long, 7.5–10 mm. across, brownish, puberulous or scabrous.
Habitat
Dry riverine forest and deciduous woodland; 600–1200 m.
Distribution
U1 Sudan Republic, west to Senegal and east to Arabia

[FSOM]
Use
A species valued for its fine timber.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Yemen

Celtis toka (Forssk.) Hepper & J.R.I.Wood appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Starin, E.D. [1] Celtis integrifolia 40496.000
Headley, P.M. [228], Ethiopia Celtis integrifolia 6049.060
Roger [s.n.], Senegal Celtis integrifolia K000243028
Dubois, R. [204], Mali Celtis integrifolia K000386753
Chevalier, A. [1136], Mali Celtis integrifolia K000386754

First published in Kew Bull. 38: 86 (1983)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0