Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Somalia to E. Kenya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Small shrub 1.2–3 m. tall, with numerous short branches; very young branches pubescent, older branches covered with ash-grey bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves appearing after flowers, narrowly obovate, 0.9–5 cm. long, 0.7–2.8 cm. wide, obtuse to rounded at apex, sometimes apiculate, cuneate at base, glabrous save for the midrib which is puberulous above; marginal nerve apparent; domatia absent; petiole 1–2 mm. long; stipule-limbs triangular, ± 2 mm. long, gradually tapering to an acute or acuminate apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers precocious, (5–)6–7-merous, scented, terminal on short lateral spurs, solitary (or ?paired, see note); pedicel ± 1 mm. long, immediately subtended by a pair of young foliage leaves which are in turn subtended by 1–2 pairs of light rusty-brown, narrowly ovate scarious bracts 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-tube glabrous to puberulous, 1.5 mm. long; limb ± 0.25 mm. long, ± subequallingthe disc, truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 2.5–7.5 mm. wide at throat; lobes oblong to oblong-elliptic, 1.2–2.3 cm. long, 0.3–0.6 cm. wide, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 8–9 mm. long, 7 mm. wide; stipe extending to 2–3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds fawnish brown, 7–9 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide; surface with very close, fine reticulations.
Habitat
Acacia-Commiphora bushland on red sandy loam; 95 m.
Distribution
K7

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
S1, from “Bur Eibi” to “Sahaieroi”, Paoli 1163 (FT holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Shrub, up to 3 m tall; young branchlets pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades ± obovate, 0.6–5 x 0.4–2.8 cm, obtuse to rounded and sometimes apiculate at the apex, glabrous except for puberulous midrib above; stipules triangular, c. 2 mm long, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers often produced before the leaves, (5–)6–7-merous, solitary and terminal on lateral short shoots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-limb very short, truncate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white; tube 8–12 mm long; lobes 12–23 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupe 7–9 mm long, whitish.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1–3; E Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 25–290 m.
Vernacular
Dhingaraas, mareer oorgaab (Somali).
Note
The name Canthium rhamnifolium (Chiov.) Senni used in Cuf. Enum.: 1010 (1965) has not been validly published.

Native to:

Kenya, Somalia

Coffea rhamnifolia (Chiov.) Bridson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Gillett, J.B. [16505], Kenya K000097798
Hemming, C.F. [300], Somalia K000098052
Thulin, M. [5277], Somalia K000098053
Gillett, J.B. [23257], Somalia K000098063
Kuchar, P. [16426], Somalia K000098068
O'Brien, E.M. [23], Somalia K000098059
Beckett, J.J. [1506], Somalia K000098070
Friis, I. [4908], Somalia K000098061
Kuchar, P. [16089], Somalia K000098064
Friis, I. [4605], Somalia K000098060
Makin, J. [13048], Kenya K000097800
Gillett, J.B. [24454-59], Somalia K000098051
Madany, M.H. [9], Somalia K000098066
Gevrard, L. [327], Somalia K000098056
White, R. [1572], Somalia K000098055
Hemming, C.F. [396], Somalia K000098050
Gillett, J.B. [24523-25], Somalia K000098054
Thulin, M. [6437], Somalia K000098065
Gillett, J.B. [24108-133], Somalia K000098069
Makin, J. [13041], Kenya K000097799

First published in Kew Bull. 38: 320 (1983)

Accepted by

  • Davis, A.P., Govaerts, R., Bridson, D.M. & Stoffelen, P. (2006). An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 152: 465-512.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bridson in Kew Bulletin 38: 320 (1983).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0