Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, India, Sri Lanka.
Dyschoriste nagchana

[FTEA]

Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: India, Patna, Herb. Wallich (ex Herb. Hamilton) 2396 (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb with weakly developed rootstock, basal part of stems creeping and rooting, apical part decumbent to ascending or erect; stems up to 65 cm long, glabrous to sparsely puberulous (densest on edges)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to elliptic (rarely narrowly or broadly so), largest 2–8(–10) × 0.7–2.6 cm, apex subacute to broadly rounded (rarely retuse), glabrous (rarely with a few puberulent hairs along midrib) beneath, with puberulous midrib above (very rarely with scattered capitate glands), margin minutely puberulent-ciliate or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in condensed axillary cymes with up to 12 flowers or some solitary, in lush specimens sometimes 2 clusters per axil; peduncle and branches up to 1 mm long; outer bracts up to 1.5(–2.5) cm long; inner bracts and bracteoles filiform or linear, up to 5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–8(–9 in fruit) mm long, glabrous (rarely with a few hairs along veins); teeth usually distinctly ciliate, 3–5 mm long, shorter than, same length or longer than tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla with almost symmetrical limb, white or pale mauve, mauve, purple or lilac, tube usually paler, puberulent, 6–9(–12) mm long of which the linear tube 2–3(–4) mm, the throat 2–3(–5) mm and the limb 2–3 mm; lobes oblong, recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
One pair of stamens sometimes reduced to staminodes; free part of filaments 1–2(–3) mm long, hairy at base, glabrous upwards; anthers ± 1 mm long, spurs less tham 1/4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 7–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 2–3 mm long
Figures
Fig 28: 11, p185
Ecology
Grasslands and swamps, riverbanks, riverine forest, also secondary grassland and bushland, roadsides, old cultivations, plantations; (0–)800–1800 m
Note
Intermediates between D. nagchana and D. multicaulis are equally rare. They have glandular calyx or bracts, but the capsule is longer than the calyx. An example is Graham 2274 from Embu, Kenya. Specimens intermediate with D. radicans have been found from these secondary habitats, mostly from the Kenyan highlands, and a limited amount of hybridisation cannot be ruled out. Examples are Napier 1520 from Nairobi, Kenya and Forbes 220 from Mbale, Uganda. Hornby 1072 from Maboko Island in Lake Victoria has a very large corolla (12 mm long), but seems in all other respects to be typical D. nagchana. D. nagchana grows naturally in wet grassland, but is now often also found in secondary bushland and grassland, including lawns. In these habitats it often superficially resembles D. radicans but is normally easily distinguished by being almost glabrous, and by the short calyx (much shorter than fruits).
Distribution
Range: Widespread in tropical Africa and India Flora districts: T1 T2 T3 T4 K3 K4 K5 K6 K 7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 Z

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Herb or undershrub, branched, 1-3 ft. high, woody below, sometimes decumbent and rooting at the lower nodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Rather small flowers 1/2 in. long, pink or purplish or white purple markings.

Native to:

Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Mauritius, Vietnam

Dyschoriste nagchana (Nees) Bennet appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kotschy [558], Egypt K000393922 Unknown type material
Kotschy [558], Egypt K000393923
Kotschy [558], Egypt K000393924 Unknown type material
Wood, J.M. [4967], Namibia K000393931
Wight, R. [1934], India K000882544
Rottler, J.P. [s.n.], Tamil Nadu K000882543
Jun 5, 1964 Adam, J.-.G. [3369], Mali Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354706
Aug 18, 1960 Harley, W.J. [1421], Liberia Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354710
Aug 18, 1960 Harley, W.J. [1421], Liberia Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354711
May 30, 1960 s.coll. [2439], Guinea-Bissau Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354704
Jan 1, 1959 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [2139], Côte d'Ivoire Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354713
Schmidt, H.H. [1873], Ghana Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354714
Hakki, M. [647], Togo Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354717
Jackson, J.A.D. [176], Nigeria Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354720
Scott Elliot, G.F. [4634], Sierra Leone Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354708
de Wilde, J.J.F.E. [3324], Côte d'Ivoire Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354712
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28417], Cameroon Dyschoriste perrottetii K000029054
Ajayi, M.O. [19270], Nigeria Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354721
Manktelow, S.J. [121], Ghana Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354715
Julich, W. [248], Togo Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354718
Demange, R. [2], Mali Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354707
Pereira, J.A. [2249], Guinea-Bissau Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354705
Schmidt, H.H. [3267], Ghana Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354716
Thomas, D.W. [2660], Cameroon Dyschoriste perrottetii K000029055
Croat, T.B. [53414], Nigeria Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354719
Jordan, H.D. [859], Sierra Leone Dyschoriste perrottetii K000354709

First published in Indian Forester 109: 220 (1983)

Accepted by

  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.
  • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141. [Cited as Dyschoriste erecta.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Vollesen, K. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(5): 1-184. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Biol. Skr. 51(2): 442 (2005)
  • F.E.E. 5: 377 (2006).
  • Indian Forester 109: 220 (1983)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 269 (1994)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/