Sideroxylon mascatense (A.DC.) T.D.Penn.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to NW. Pakistan.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Spiny shrub or small tree 7–10 m tall, occasionally recorded as a medium-sized tree to 15 m tall; milky latex usually scarce; branchlets grey, silky, with medifixed hairs
Morphology General Spines
Spines in juvenile plants many, thin and leafless, hardly longer than the leaves, in mature plants stronger and longer, and often carrying small clusters of leaves and flowers, or occasionally the plant is unarmed
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate; petiole 0.4–0.8 cm long; blade leathery, 1–4 x 0.4–2.5 cm, spathulate to elliptic, cuneate at the base, rounded at the apex, margin often recurved, glabrous above, grey, silky below; veins obscure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense axillary clusters, sometimes in axils of fallen leaves, usually restricted to older branches, sometimes also on older spines; pedicel c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers c. 2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, with a short basal tube, with rust-coloured silky hairs; lobes overlapping, broadly ovate with rounded apex, c. 0.8 x 0.6 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5-lobed, with a short basal tube, yellow; lobes ovate with rounded apex, c. 1 x 0.8 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, 1–2 mm long, exceeding the corolla, filaments c. 1 mm long, anthers c. 1 mm long, opening outwards
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, silky, c. 0.5 mm in diam., 1-celled with 5 basal ovules on a short placenta
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded berry, 5–8 mm in diam. Seed almost globose, yellowish-brown, c. 5 mm in diam.; scar basal, small and circular.
Distribution
N1–2; Ethiopia, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Afghanistan, Pakistan
Ecology
Altitude range (550–)1500–2100 m.
Vernacular
Shaie, sheh, shoy (Somali).

[FSOM]
Use
The fruits are edible.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Yemen

Sideroxylon mascatense (A.DC.) T.D.Penn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Collenette, C.N. [371], Somalia Sideroxylon buxifolium K000435370 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Pakistan Sideroxylon buxifolium K000777902 Yes
Dr. Stewart [331], Pakistan Sideroxylon buxifolium K000777899 Yes
Collenette, C.N. [371], Somalia Sideroxylon buxifolium K000435371 Yes
Gillett, J.B. [4733], Somalia Sideroxylon gillettii K000435369 Unknown type material Yes
Gillett, J.B. [4733], Somalia Sideroxylon gillettii K000435368 Unknown type material Yes

First published in G.E.Wickens, J.R.Goodin & D.V.Field (eds.), Pl. Arid Lands: 273 (1985)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0