Withania sphaerocarpa Hepper & Boulos

First published in Kew Bull. 43: 123 (1988)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. Ethiopia to N. Somalia. It is a perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Woody-based herb or subshrub with up to c. 0.6 m long ascending stems; stems whitish or greyish tomentose
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades lanceolate-oblong, 1–5 x 0.4–1.5 cm, subacute at the apex, narrowly cuneate and ± oblique at the base, with entire margins, tomentose on both sides; petiole 0.3–0.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf axils; pedicels 2–6 mm long, tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm long in flower, enlarging to c. 10–14 mm in fruit, tomentose outside; lobes triangular, acute, c. 1.5 mm long in flower, shorter than to about as long as the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish, c. 5–6 mm long, thinly tomentose outside; lobes triangular, shorter than the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments c. 3 mm long; anthers c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary without obvious disk at the base; style c. 2 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry globose, c. 10 mm in diam., shiny, yellow to orange-red, surrounded by and only slightly exceeded by the enlarged rounded calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 2 mm in diam., almost smooth.
[FSOM]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: low confidence
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images