Genus:
Erigeron L.

Erigeron bonariensis L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for food.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 100–3900 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect herb up to 18 in. high
Ecology
In waste ground.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
juamparao, varejón, venadillo, yerba de caballo

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Conservation
Least concern.
Distribution
Introduced in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 100 - 3900 m.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 0.4–1.5(–2) m high; stems erect, simple or branched, cylindrical, striate, densely pubescent to scabrid.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pale grey-green, sessile, linear to narrowly lanceolate or rarely pinnatilobed, 2.5–15 cm long, 0.2–3 cm wide, base cuneate, margins entire or dentate, apex acute, scabrid-pubescent on both surfaces and particularly on the veins and margins, the upper leaves or inflorescence bracts also glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula 4–8 mm long, grouped in terminal lax leafy panicles of 10 or more cymes of several laxly arranged capitula; stalks of individual capitula 0.2–3 cm long, scabrid-pubescent; phyllaries pale green, occasionally with red or purple apex, 2–3-seriate, ± 40, 1.5–5.6 mm long, 0.2–0.5 mm wide, with or without hyaline margins, pubescent; receptacle flat or slightly convex, not or slightly toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Marginal florets whitish or cream with pink to purple tips, 60 to several hundred, tube 2.5–3.3 mm long and glabrous or slightly pilose, ray erect and 0.4–0.6 mm long and 2–3-toothed at apex, style 3.4–4.2 mm long; central florets white to yellow, 4–17, tube 2.8–3.5 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.7 mm long; anthers 0.7–1.1 mm long with narrowly triangular to filiform appendage; style 3.3–4.4 mm long with short, slightly swollen, papillose branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes oblong-cylindrical, flattened or not, 1–2 mm long, 2-ribbed, pilose to pubescent; pappus of many white to pale yellow setae 2.5–5 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 105 (page 507).
Habitat
Grasslands, roadsides or pathsides, in cultivated areas or fallow land; on loam, sand or lava; 300–2850 m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 pantropical weed, originally from S America, and widespread in tropical AfricaArabia

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 3900 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[UPFC]
Distribution
Found in Boyacá, Colombia.
Vernacular
Juamparao, Varejón, Venadillo, Yerba de caballo

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

[UPB]
Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Cook Is., Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Germany, Gilbert Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Line Is., Madeira, Malaya, Marcus I., Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Society Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Texas, Tonga, Tristan da Cunha, Tubuai Is., Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Wake I., West Himalaya, Yemen, Zaïre

English
Flax-leaf fleabane, Horseweed

Erigeron bonariensis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001058992 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 illegible [s.n.] Conyza bonariensis K000958220 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Gardner [495], Rio de Janeiro Conyza bonariensis K000958222 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Gardner [3840], Goiás Conyza bonariensis K000958216 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Traill, J.W.H. [470], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000958217 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Gardner [776], Rio de Janeiro Conyza bonariensis K000958219 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Gardner [495], Rio de Janeiro Conyza bonariensis K000958221 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 s.coll. [682], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000958223 Yes
Nov 1, 2012 Gardner [3840], Goiás Conyza bonariensis K000958218 Unknown type material Yes
Aug 1, 2012 Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955540 Yes
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [1898], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955542 Yes
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [1339], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955543 Yes
Jul 1, 2012 s.coll. [391], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955541 Yes
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [965], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955539 Yes
Jul 1, 2012 Burchell, W.J. [4494], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K000955544 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Rafidah [64264], Peninsular Malaysia Conyza bonariensis K000705400 No
Jul 1, 2005 Darbyshire, I. [318], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000199828 No
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [1594], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000108689 No
Jan 1, 2004 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8984], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051999 No
Jun 1, 2003 Boughey, A.S. [11579], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051001 No
Jun 1, 2003 Hepper, F.N. [2188], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051002 No
Jun 1, 2003 Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41580], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051004 No
Jun 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9026], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000108635 No
Jun 1, 2003 Boughey, A.S. [10396], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051000 No
Jan 1, 2003 Boughey, A.S. [0s.n.2], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000051003 No
Apr 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2202], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000746896 No
Apr 1, 2000 Onana, J.-M. [556 B], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000746936 No
Apr 1, 2000 Cable, S. [3042], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000746897 No
Apr 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [17], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000746898 No
Aug 1, 1963 s.coll. [s.n.] Conyza bonariensis K001107361 Yes
Strudwick, J.J. [3060], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107365 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107362 Yes
Sellow [3607], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107368 Yes
Harris, T. [111], Mozambique Conyza bonariensis K000545094 No
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107363 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107364 Yes
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107366 Yes
Cowell, E.B. [M 24], Cameroon Conyza bonariensis K000050992 No
s.coll. [392], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107369 Yes
Dusén, P. [9818], Brazil Conyza bonariensis K001107367 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K000325900 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K000325911 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K000747161 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K000747170 Yes
Galapagos Conyza bonariensis K001478991 Yes
Galapagos Conyza bonariensis K001478992 Yes
Galapagos Conyza bonariensis K001478993 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K001478994 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K001478995 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K001478996 Yes
Peru Conyza bonariensis K001478997 Yes
Venezuela Conyza bonariensis K001478998 Yes
Venezuela Conyza bonariensis K001478999 Yes
Santiago Conyza plebeia K000221749 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 863 (1753)

Accepted by

  • (2019). http://www.abcjournal.org/index.php/BothaliaABC/article/view/39/33. epublication.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Ghafoor, A. & al. (2021). Flora of Pakistan 224: 1-310. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Nesom, G.L. (2018). Erigeron floribundus and E. sumatrensis (Asteraceae) in the USA and Mexico. Phytoneuron 2018-27: 1-19.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2018). Contribution to the flora of Asian and European countries: new national and regional vascular plant records, 7. Acta Botanica Gallica: Botany Letters 165: 200-222.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Burtt in Kew Bull. 3: 371.
  • Sp. Pl. 863 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). http://www.abcjournal.org/index.php/BothaliaABC/article/view/39/33. epublication.
  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715. epublication.
  • (2022). https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.539.2.3. epublication.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Ghafoor, A. & al. (2021). Flora of Pakistan 224: 1-310. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Meyers, S.C. & al. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Oregon 2: 1-861. Botanical research institute of Texas Press.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2018). Contribution to the flora of Asian and European countries: new national and regional vascular plant records, 7. Acta Botanica Gallica: Botany Letters 165: 200-222.
  • Powell, A.M. & Worthington, R.D. (2018). Flowering plants of Trans-Pecos Texas and ajacent areas: 1-1444. BRIT Press.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0