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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula.
Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl) R.Br.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herb up to 30–60 cm tall or more, sometimes with a woody rootstock; stems green to greyish green with ± dense indumentum of spreading to curved-appressed hairs c. 0.1–0.2 mm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate to ovate, up to 35–55 x 9–25 mm, glabrous to finely puberulous, apex acute to obtuse, base attenuate to shortly attenuate; petiole up to 8–24 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in short unidirectional spikes (zig-zag monochasia) from opposite leaf-axils in upper parts of stem; inflorescence-leaves gradually smaller towards the apex of the shoots; bracts lanceolate-acuminate, up to 6–13.7 x 1.7–2.5 mm, fused for c. half their length, often with a hyaline margin towards the base, puberulous or often with a dense indumentum of c. 1 mm long spreading hairs; bracteoles lanceolate-acuminate with a hyaline margin, up to 7.5–11.7 x 1.2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx enclosed by bracteoles; lobes thin, lanceolate-subulate, up to 5–7.3 x 0.8 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or pinkish with pinkish markings, 12–22 mm long; tube cylindrical, twisted, somewhat widened in the upper portion, 6–12.3 mm long; broader lip 3-lobed, up to 6.5–10.5 mm long, smaller lip entire, acuminate, up to 5–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4-seeded, densely pubescent with 0.15–0.2 mm long erect hairs in the upper part, 5.3–9 x 1.5–2 mm, sterile in lower 1/3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, smooth, flattened, up to c. 2 x 1.9 mm.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1, 3. widespread in tropical and southern Africa, and in tropical Arabia.
Ecology
Altitude range 150–2100 m.
Vernacular
Farahot, ged waraba, ged waraweh, haro haar, hor suhad, hosucait (Somali)
Note
This has long been known as H. verticillaris, based on Justicia verticillaris L. f., nom. rej. The name was rejected when the type was found to belong to another species of Hypoestes. Most of the material, particularly from the north, has small flowers and a dense indumentum of short curved-appressed hairs giving stems, leaves and bracteoles a greyish-green tinge. Such plants have been recognized as H. hildebrandtii, but this is here included in the very variable and widespread H. forskaolii. Plants of this appearance are also common in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and northern Kenya.

[KBu]

Darbyshire, I. 2015. The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola. Kew Bulletin 70: 44. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-015-9595-4

Conservation
A very widespread and often abundant species in a wide range of habitats, and perhaps the most frequently encountered species of Acanthaceae in tropical Africa. It was assessed as of Least Concern (LC) by Darbyshire (2010). It is also widespread in Angola.
Distribution
Widespread in tropical and southern Africa from Senegal to Somalia, south to Namibia and South Africa; also extending to the Saharan highlands, Arabia and Madagascar. It is widely distributed in Angola (Map 2).
Ecology
A polymorphic species recorded from most habitats; most common in open woodland and wooded grassland on sandy soils or rocky slopes and in disturbed areas such as roadsides, but also occurring in riverine and open forest.
Type
Type: Yemen, Jebel Melhan, Forsskål 387 (C lectotype, microfiche 60: I. 1–2, selected by Wood et al. 1983: 455, photo. at K!; LUND isolectotype).

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
White ribbon bush

Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl) R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2012 Rogers, Z.S. [425], Madagascar K000662389
Nov 1, 2012 Trigui, S.M. et al. [SMT 442], Madagascar K000662401
Aug 1, 2010 Hemp, A. [2397], Kenya K000450825
Aug 1, 2008 Darbyshire, I. [444], Cameroon K000746022
May 1, 2008 Bingham, M.G. [12564], Zambia K000449633
May 1, 2008 Strobach, B. [BS5122], Namibia K000449631
Mar 1, 2008 Onana, J.-M. [3619], Cameroon K000541184
Mar 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13639], Cameroon K000541185
Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1523], Cameroon K000109433
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [3453], Cameroon K000339100
Dec 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [8658], Cameroon K000339101
Jan 1, 1999 Cheek, M. [8452], Cameroon K000339098
Jan 1, 1999 Buzgo, M. [580], Cameroon K000339099
Preuss [755], Cameroon K000029458 isotype
Hendelot [552], Togo K000379054
Baumann [476], Togo K000379055
Whyte, A. [151], Malawi K000379084
Whyte, A. [192] K000379085
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Tanzania K000379086
Schweinfurth, G. [612], Socotra K000379092
Balfour, I.B. [509], Socotra K000379093
Ethiopia K000379094
Plowden [s.n.], Ethiopia K000379096
Quartin-Dillion [277], Ethiopia K000379098
Bamps, P. [4478], Angola K001009786
Exell, A.W. [1073], Angola K001009788
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009793
Bamps, P. [4577], Angola K001009785
Johnston, H.H. [0 s.n.26], Cameroon K000029452
Welwitsch [5142], Angola K001009795
Henriques, C. [978], Angola K001009787
Harris, T. [510], Malawi K000614588
Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000379097
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28371], Cameroon K000029449
Akpabla, G.K. [10517], Cameroon K000029451
Welwitsch [5118], Angola K001009796
Faulkner, H.G. [A.363], Angola K001009789
Harris, T. [525], Malawi K000614608
Kotschy [296], Sudan K000379107 Unknown type material
Krause, G.A. [s.n.], Togo K000379053
Monteiro [s.n.], Angola K001009794
Thomas, D.W. [3056], Cameroon K000029441
Pearson, H.H.W. [2081], Angola K001009790
Tiku, D.A. [FHI 22161], Cameroon K000029450
Roth [485], Ethiopia K000379095
Cowell, E.B. [M 11], Cameroon K000029448
Welwitsch [5144], Angola K001009797
Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.81], Cameroon K000029453
Hepper, F.N. [1978], Cameroon K000029444
Gossweiler, J. [13994], Angola K000508524
Pearson, H.H.W. [2081], Angola K001009791

First published in H.Salt, Voy. Abyss., App.: lxiii (1814)

Accepted by

  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola Kew Bulletin 70(44): 1-10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544. [Cited as Hypoestes verticillaris.]

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • (Brown 1814: Appendix 63) as H. forskalii;
  • (Roemer & Schultes 1817: 141);
  • Balkwill & Getliffe-Norris (1984: 141);
  • Balkwill, K. & Getliffe-Norris, F. (1984). Taxonomic studies in the Acanthaceae; the genus Hypoestes in southern Africa. S. African J. Bot. 51: 133 – 144.
  • Benoist (1942: 243);
  • Benoist, R. (1942). Les HypoestesAfricains. Notul. Syst. (Paris) 10: 241 – 248.
  • Benoist, R. (1950). QuelquesAcanthacées des colonies PortugaisesAfricanes. Bol. Soc. Brot. Sér. 2, 24: 5 – 39.
  • Brown, R. (1814). List of new and rare plants collected in Abyssinia during the years 1805 and 1810. Appendix 4. In: H. Salt, A voyage to Abyssinia: and travels into the interior of that country, executed under the orders of the British government, in the years 1809 and 1810. F. C. & J. Rivington, London.
  • Clarke (1900: 247);
  • Clarke (1900: 249), as H. forskalei;
  • Clarke, C. B. (1900). Hypoestes. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed.), Flora of Tropical Africa Vol. 5: 244 – 252. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Clarke, C. B. (1901). Hypoestes. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed.), Flora Capensis. Vol. 5 (Part 1): 86 – 89. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Darbyshire (2010: 720; 2015: 296).
  • Darbyshire (2010: 726, fig. 94; 2015: 300, fig. 8.6.72).
  • Darbyshire, I. (2010). Hypoestes. In: H. Beentje (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Acanthaceae (Part 2): 719 – 729. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). Hypoestes. In: J. R. Timberlake & E. S. Martins (eds), Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, pt 6: 295 – 304. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dyer, R. A. (1975). The genera of Southern African flowering plants, Vol. 1. Department of Agricultural Technical Services, Pretoria.
  • EnsermuKelbessa (2006). Acanthaceae. In: I. Hedberg, EnsermuKelbessa, S. Edwards, SebsebeDemissew & E. Persson (eds), Flora of Ethiopia & Eritrea. Vol. 5: 345 – 452. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University & The Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala University.
  • Hedrén, M. & Thulin, M. (2015). A replacement name for a species of Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) from Somalia. Willdenowia 45: 93.
  • Hedrén, M. (2006a). Hypoestes. In: M. Thulin (ed.), Flora of Somalia, Vol. 3: 425 – 427. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedrén, M. (2006b). New species and combinations in Acanthaceae from Somalia. Willdenowia 36: 751 – 759.
  • Heine (1963: 431); Balkwill & Getliffe-Norris (1984: 139);
  • Heine, H. (1963). Acanthaceae. In: F. N. Hepper (ed.), Flora of West Tropical Africa. Vol. 2: 391 – 432. Second Edition. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Heine, H. (1966). Flore du Gabon 13. Acanthacées. Muséum National d’HistoireNaturelle, Paris.
  • Hiern, W. P. H. (1900). Catalogue of the African plants collected by Friedrich Welwitsch in 1853 – 1861. Dicotyledons, part IV Lentibulariaceae to Ceratophylleae. British Museum (Natural History), London.
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 3.1. Second Edition. IUCN Species Survival Commission, IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
  • IUCN (2013). Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 10.1. Available at http://jr.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf. Accessed 13 Dec. 2013.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press.
  • Makholela, T. (2008). Acanthaceae. In: E. Figueiredo & G. F. Smith, Plants of Angola / Plantas de Angola. Strelitzia 22: 21 – 25. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
  • McDade, L. A., Daniel, T. F. & Kiel, C. A. (2008). Toward a comprehensive understanding of phylogentic relationships among lineages of Acanthaceaes.l. (Lamiales). Amer. J. Bot. 95: 1136 – 1152.
  • McDade, L. A., Daniel, T. F., Masta, S. E. & Riley, K. M. (2000). Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Justicieae (Acanthaceae): evidence from molecular sequences, morphology and cytology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 87: 435 – 458.
  • Moore (1930: 138);
  • Moore, S. le M. (1880a). Alabastra Diversa. Pars tertia. J. Bot. 18: 1 – 8 & 37 – 42.
  • Moore, S. le M. (1880b). EnumeratioAcanthacearumHerbariiWelwitschianiAngolensis. J. Bot. 18: 193 − 199, 225 − 233, 265 − 270, 307 − 314, 340 − 342 & 362 − 366.
  • Moore, S. le M.(1930). Mr John Gossweiler’s plants from Angola and Portuguese Congo. Acanthaceae. J. Bot. 68, Suppl. II: 126 – 139.
  • Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. D. (1847). Acanthaceae. In: A. de Candolle (ed.), ProdromusSystematis Naturalis RegniVegetabilis. Part 11: 46 – 519. Masson, Paris.
  • Roemer, J. J. & Schultes, J. A. (1817). Systemavegetabilium: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species. Edn 15, Vol. 1. Sumtibus J. G. Cottae, Stuttgardtiae.
  • White, F. (1983). Vegetation of Africa. A Descriptive Memoir to Accompany the UNESCO/AETFAT/UNSO Vegetation Map of Africa. UNESCO, Paris.
  • Wickens, G. E. (1976). The Flora of Jebel Marra (Sudan Republic) and its geographical affinities. Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. 5: 1 – 368.
  • Wood, J. R. I., Hillcoat, D. & Brummitt, R. K. (1983). Notes on the types of some names of Arabian Acanthaceae in the Forsskal herbarium. Kew Bull. 38: 429 – 456.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). The genus Hypoestes (Acanthaceae) in Angola Kew Bulletin 70(44): 1-10. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
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Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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