Cajanus platycarpus (Benth.) Maesen

First published in Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap. 85(4): 160 (1985 publ. 1986)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Pakistan to NW. & Central India, NE. Jawa. It is a scrambling annual or subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

International Legume Database and Information Service

Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Sukli Sengha
[ILDIS]

Seed Collecting Guide. RBG Kew (2013-2016)

Morphology General Habit
usually Annual, creeping or trailing, stems 0.2-1 m long
Morphology Branches
branches sparsely pubescent, internodes 1-15 cm long
Morphology Leaves Stipules
stipules lanceolate, caduceus, 3-6 mm long
Morphology Leaves
pinnately trifoliolate, petiole up to 10 cm long, petiolules 2-3 mm long, terminal leaflet often reduced in size
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
terminal leaflet ovate to obicular, other leaflets ovate, 3-8 cm long, 3-7.5 cm wide, base truncate to subcordate, apex acuminate leaflets membranous, thinly pubescent above, faintly glandular below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
inflorescence racemes lax, up to 5-flowered, peduncle 0.5-8 cm long, pedicels 8-12 mm, recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
flower calyx pubescent with yellow hairs, tube 3-5 mm long; corolla yellow, sometimes with purple veins or dots, standard clawed at the base, biauriculate, 12-15 mm long; lateral petals auriculate at base, 11-13 mm long; stamens fused for 3/4 of their length, curved upwards; ovary densely covered with long hairs, ovules 5-7
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
fruit pod flat-oblong, 2-4.5 cm long by 1-1.5 cm wide, when young speckled and reddish, with sparse, caduceus, pale hairs, tip of style persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
4-6 mm long, 2.5 mm thick, rectangular-rounded, brown to almost black, strophiole large, 1 mm by 3 mm, horseshoe-shaped.
Ecology
usually associated with grasses, in grasslands, roadsides, pine forests and in crops. altitude50 - 2600 m
Distribution
NorthWest and central India, Nepal, Pakistan, Java.
Conservation
least concerned
Phenology
Flower (july - september), fruit (september - november)
[SCG]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Uses

Use
Medicine
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Seed Collection Guides

    • Seed Collection Guides
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0