Crepidorhopalon schweinfurthii (Oliv.) Eb.Fisch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Sudan, Bongo, R. Lesi, Schweinfurth 4009 (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Spindly, erect perennial, 15–60 cm.
Morphology Stem
Stems simple or sparingly branched, ± creeping, rooting at the base, quadrangular, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear-lanceolate, 6–12(–30) mm long, 2–8(–10) mm wide, apex acute, margins entire or minutely toothed, scabrid-ciliate; lower leaves purple beneath, broader than the smaller and distant upper leaves, 3-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences capitate, ± 1 cm in diameter, up to 2.5 cm in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts subulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers subsessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5 mm long, purple, prominently 5-angled, teeth triangular with setaceous apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 9–15 mm long, rich blue-purple, brown-tomentellous outside, upper lip slightly emarginate, lower lip deeply 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule as long as the calyx, opening 1/3 of its length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellowish, angular, minute, nearly as broad as long.
Ecology
Swamps; 850–1300 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC)
Note
Milne-Redhead & Taylor 10030 from Tanzania comes closest to T. schweinfurthii but has a more leafy stem and the leaves are on average broader (up to 1 cm). Fischer in B.J.B.B. 67: 378 (1999) has described this specimen as a new species (placed in synonymy here), but I (S.A.G.) feel that the material is insufficient to give it an independent status.
Distribution
Range: Ghana, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Sudan, Angola, Zambia Flora districts: U1 T4 T8

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial, 20–70 cm. tall; stems simple or sparingly branched, quadrangular, glabrous throughout or occasionally pilose at or towards base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile, 5–33 x 1–10 mm., sessile; lower elliptic or elliptic lanceolate, obtuse, 3-nerved, entire or sparsely short-toothed, scabrid-ciliate; upper becoming smaller, linear-lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, capitate, capitula c. 1–1.5 cm. in diam., flowers shortly pedicillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts (2.5)3.5–5 x 0.25–0.5 mm., subulate to narrowly lanceolate, shorter than calyx, minutely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4.5–7 mm. long, glabrous, shallowly winged on major nerves, wings glabrous to shortly ciliate, lobes 1–1.5(2) mm. long, triangular, acute, minutely ciliate on somewhat thickened margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 11–12 mm. long, minutely pubescent without, tube 5–7 mm. long, upper lip broadly oblong-ovate, slightly emarginate, lower lip trilobed, lobes appearing crenate, few brown clavate hairs on palate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anterior filaments 3.5(5) mm. long, somewhat gibbous at base, appendage 0.3–0.5 mm. long, blunt, hardly clavate; anthers connivent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 4.5 x 3.5 mm., broadly ovate, persistent base of style present.

[FWTA]

Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Stem herbaceous 1-2 ft. high, erect or slightly decumbent at base
Morphology Roots
Fibrous roots along the internodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves tinged brown or purple beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rich violet-blue
Ecology
In marshes.

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Crepidorhopalon schweinfurthii (Oliv.) Eb.Fisch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Welwitsch [5887], Angola K001008553 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [3998], Angola K001008551 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [1090], Angola K001008559 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [A335], Angola K001008558 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [8866], Angola K001008552 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [A209], Angola K001008556 Yes
Baum, H. [148], Angola K001008554 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [A335], Angola K001008557 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [3939], Angola K001008555 Yes
Jan 1, 1951 Schweinfurth, G. [4009], Sudan Torenia schweinfurthii K000405143 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [3998 A], Angola Craterostigma schweinfurthii 2549.000 No
Meikle, R.D. [1044], Nigeria Craterostigma schweinfurthii 2550.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [8179], Zambia Craterostigma schweinfurthii 3460.000 No

First published in Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 81: 130 (1992)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0