Crepidorhopalon tenuifolius (Philcox) Eb.Fisch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Zambia, Chilongowelo, Richards 1690 (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, up to 40 cm high.
Morphology Stem
Stems simple or usually branched in upper part, quadrangular, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear, 10–30 mm long, 0.5–1 mm wide, sessile, apex acute, margins entire or with one or two minute teeth, glabrous or with a few hairs at the base, 1-veined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers terminating each branch, in the axils of bract-like reduced leaves appearing capitate, pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts linear to lanceolate, up to 3 mm long, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.5–4 mm long, minutely glandular, lobes 2–3 mm, narrowly lanceolate, longer than the calyx-tube, 1-veined, scabrid-cilate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, 4–5 mm long, lower lip 3-lobed, whitish with hairs on the palate, upper lip blue to mauve
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Anterior filaments with appendage at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subrotund, compressed, 3–4 mm in diameter.
Ecology
Seasonally inundated grassland, with Kotschya bullockii, Protea and Combretum, on grey sandy-peaty soil; ± 1670 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC), common in Zambia, but in the Flora area known from a single gathering; possibly undercollected
Distribution
Range: Zambia Flora districts: T4

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, very slender annual herb, 8–35 cm. tall; stems quadrangular, simple or branched, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, 4–11(35) x 0.15–1(1.4) mm., narrowly linear, acute, entire or rarely with few minute teeth, glabrous with few minute hairs at point of insertion at stem.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers terminal in axils of bract-like, reduced leaves, appearing capitate, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 1.5–3 mm. long, up to c. 0.5 mm. wide, linear to linear-lanceolate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels c. 1.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.5–4(5) mm. long, weakly nerved with major nerves only slightly prominent, subglabrous to minutely stipitate-glandular; lobes (2)2.25–3 mm. long, narrowly lanceolate, much longer than tube, sinus between lobes very broad, rounded, especially in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or mauve, 4–5(13) mm. long, upper lip rounded, entire; lower lip trilobed, lobes subcircular, few pale brown, clavate hairs on palate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Anterior filaments to 4.5 mm. long with appendage at base 0.5–0.65 mm. long, clavate with papillose head c. 0.25 mm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 4 x 3.5 mm., compressed subglobular.

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Crepidorhopalon tenuifolius (Philcox) Eb.Fisch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1988 Richards, H.M. [1690], Zambia Torenia tenuifolia K000405136 holotype Yes
Bidgood, S. [5790], Tanzania Torenia tenuifolia K000468635 No

First published in Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 81: 141 (1992)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0