Iridaceae Juss.

Gladiolus huillensis (Welw. ex Baker) Goldblatt

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to Angola.


Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Plants 30–100 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Corms
Corms 16–20 mm in diameter; tunics firmly membranous to papery, fragmenting irregularly into mostly vertical strips.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5 on flowering stem, short and sheathing for most of their length, obscurely to obviously white pubescent, imbricate, usually at least 2 with short blades to 8 cm long; blades more or less linear, the margins and midrib thickened (well developed foliage leaves which are produced from separate shoots after flowering are not known and are probably not produced).
Morphology Stem
Stem unbranched, sheathed except for a short distance below the spike, often with a short membranous sheathing leaf inserted on the upper third of the stem just above the uppermost sheathing leaf.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike 6–14(20)-flowered; bracts green below, dry and light-brown above, 13–20(25) mm long, sometimes sparsely pubescent above, the inner about as long as or only slightly shorter than the outer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright-red, often marked with yellow on the lower tepals and in the throat; perianth tube slender below and abruptly expanded into a cylindric upper part, the lower part 11–16 mm long and c. 1 mm in diameter, exserted from the bracts, the upper part 10–12 mm long and c. 3 mm in diameter, ascending to horizontal; tepals unequal, the uppermost c. 15 × 15 mm, spathulate, larger than the others and extending horizontally over the stamens, the upper lateral tepals deltoid, 5–6 mm long, joined to the uppermost for c. 3 mm, the lower 3 tepals lanceolate and directed forwards, the lower lateral tepals c. 6 mm long, reaching the apices of the upper lateral tepals, the lowermost tepal shorter than the rest, c. 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments c. 20 mm long, reaching to about the middle of the uppermost tepal; anthers c. 7 mm long, reaching nearly to the apex of the uppermost tepal or barely exceeding it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style dividing opposite the upper half of the anthers, style branches 3–3.5 mm long, ultimately reaching the anther apices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules 10–16 mm long, broadly ovoid.

Native to:

Angola, Zambia, Zaïre

Gladiolus huillensis (Welw. ex Baker) Goldblatt appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1990 Milne-Redhead, E. [3111], Zambia K000320826 lectotype
Jan 1, 1990 Milne-Redhead, E. [3111], Zambia K000320827 isolectotype
Jan 1, 1990 Welwitsch [1539], Angola K000320825 isolectotype
Fanshawe, D.B., Zambia Oenostachys huillensis 29047.013

First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 11: 426 (1989 publ. 1990)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Not accepted by

  • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise. [Cited as Antholyza huillensis.]

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.