Caralluma dicapuae (Chiov.) Chiov.

First published in A.C.White & B.L.Sloane, Stapelieae, ed. 2, 1(Add. A): 187 (1937)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Eritrea to Kenya. It is a succulent subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Plants up to 40 cm tall, forming small clumps from a central stem
Morphology Stem
Stems up to 10 mm thick, with rounded angles and rather widely separated, rather large, conical teeth; flower-bearing portion of stems very slender, up to 30 cm long, curved in upper part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers pendent, in 1–3-flowered widely spaced clusters; pedicels c. 10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla divided almost to the base; lobes 10–12 mm long, linear-spathulate, jointed at base and hanging loose, minutely pubescent, cream but densely mottled with purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Outer corona-lobes shortly 2-fid, sometimes with short, stiff hairs at the tips, inner lobes long, linear to spathulate, erect or sometimes connivent.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3; Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 200–1300 m.
[FSOM]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Dwarf perennials to 60 cm high in flowering state.
Morphology Stem
Stems numerous, up to 25 cm long, weakly branching, grey-green, robust, 4-angled with obtuse edges, with conical tubercles 5–8 mm high; leaf rudiments short-lived, 2 mm long; flowerbearing apical region ± 20 cm long, terete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 2-flowered; flower buds basally clavate-cylindrical, apically abruptly articulated, 8–10 × 2–3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels pointed downwards, 1–1.6 cm, slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla nearly divided to base, tube 0.5 mm in diameter; lobes at very first spreading then drooping, linear to narrowly spoonshaped, 11–14 × 3 mm, mucronate, lamina only very basally spreading, otherwise strictly folded back along midrib with the margins in close contact, abaxially glabrous, dark purple, often spotted yellowish, adaxially light green or yellowish, dotted or banded chestnut-brown to purple, densely pubescent, basally with clavate cilia
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Gynostegial corona 2.5 × 3 mm; interstaminal corona lobes rectangular, upright-spreading, shortly bifid into bluntly deltoid lobules, outside occasionally with 0.5 mm long stiff hairs; staminal corona lobes erect to conniventerect, narrowly deltoid to linear, 3 mm long, overtopping the style-head, dotted white on chestnut-brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps two, 10–13 cm long, 4–5 mm wide, very narrowly oblong.
Ecology
In dry bushland or open succulent communities ( Sansevieria robusta), also on laterite; 600–1700 m
Distribution
Flora districts: K1 K2 K3 Range: Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0