Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Erect, procumbent or scrambling shrub of up to 1.25 m high.
Morphology Roots
Roots woody, hemicryptophytic.
Morphology Stem
Stems reddish-brown, up to 1.5 m long, 4–7 mm diameter, scabridulous, sometimes lenticellate 1.5 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves leathery, sessile or sub-sessile; blade linear-ovate to broadly ovate, narrowly obovate, obovate, linear elliptic or elliptic, (2–)4–9(–12) × (0.2–)1–1.5(–2.4) cm, obtuse-mucronate, acute or acuminate, base cuneate to obtuse, above dark green, beneath pale green to glaucous, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, compact, few to many-flowered, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1–15 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts very narrowly ovate to very narrowly triangular, ±
Morphology General Buds
Buds ovoid with apex conical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweet- scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate to broadly ovate, 1.5–2.5 mm long, 1 mm wide, green tipped purple, glabrous with margins fimbriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla creamy white to pale lemon-yellow inside, pale brownish-green to purplish outside, glabrous; tube campanulate, 1.5–2 mm long, with papillose spots; lobes oblong-ovate to obliquely ovate, obtuse, 2–4 × ± 1 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona double: lower whorl of clavate lobes, ± 1 mm long; upper whorl of sinus pockets, pocket-rim sometimes lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens glabrous, filaments ± 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers hastate, ± 1 mm long, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style terete, ± 0.5 mm long; style-head conical, obtuse to bifid, ± 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles single or paired, when paired ± 45° to 135° divergent, narrowly ovoid, (4–)8–12(–16) cm long, 5–10 mm diameter, ribbed, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, obliquely ovate, 2–4 mm long, warty; coma whitish, 3–4 cm long
Figures
Fig 41, p 131
Ecology
Open rocky miombo woodland, Uapaca woodland on grey sandy loam, riverbank woodland, grassland; 800–2300 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K3 K4 K5 T4 T6 T7 T8 Range: Widely distributed across tropical and southern Africa

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Shrublet of 0.3–0.8 m high with milky latex; woodstock perennial.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, spreading or decumbent, brown, 3–5 mm diameter, scabridulous, sometimes lenticellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves leathery; petiole 1–5 mm long, scabridulous; blade sub-globose to narrowly ovate or oblong-ovate, 2–5(–7) × (0.5–)1–2(–3) cm, obtuse-mucronate, acute or acuminate, base obtuse to cuneate, above dark green, beneath pale green, scabridulous or scabrous all over or on veins only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, compact or sometimes lax, up to 10-flowered, scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 0.2–1(–4) cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts acicular, ± 1 mm long
Morphology General Buds
Buds narrowly ovoid, apex narrowly conical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate to narrowly triangular, 1.5–2 × ± 1 mm, glabrous or scabridulous, margins fimbriate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla dull yellow or creamy yellow on inside, yellow tinged red or purplish to brownish-purple on outside, glabrous; tube campanulate, 3–4 mm long, with papillose spots below corona lobes; lobes oblong-ovate, (4–)6–8 × 1.5–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona double, glabrous; lower whorl of clavate, ± 1 mm long lobes; upper of sinus pockets with acicular or fan-shaped lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens fused with papillose spots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 0–0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers hastate, attenuate, 1.5–2 mm long and slightly hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style ± 0.5 mm long, terete; style-head broadly conical, bifid, ± 1 mm diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles single or paired, when paired ± 45° to 180° divergent, narrowly ovoid-conical to cigar-shaped, 5–8 cm long, 1–1.3 cm diameter, ribbed, acute to blunt-acute, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, ovate to oblongovate, 5–7 mm long, warty; coma 2–3 cm long
Ecology
Sandy dry grassland with scattered bushes, miombo woodland; common on disturbed ground; 1000–2400 m
Distribution
Flora districts: T4 T7 T8 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Botswana

[FTEA]
Use
Chimpanzees eat this plant apparently when feeling unwell. The woody roots are used as aphrodisiac; a root decoction is drunk for coughs and tuberculosis

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cryptolepis oblongifolia (Meisn.) Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2007 Luke [11609], Tanzania K000469048 No
Apr 1, 2005 Houngnon, P. [6183], Benin K000239857 No
Apr 1, 2005 Adjakidjé, V. [1750], Benin K000239858 No
Apr 1, 2005 Sinsin, B. [3163], Benin K000239860 No
Oct 1, 2004 Darbyshire, I. [416], Cameroon K000518581 No
Jan 1, 1999 Krauss [132], South Africa K000234043 isotype No
Jan 1, 1999 Krauss [132], South Africa K000234044 lectotype No
Nov 14, 1979 Hakki, M. [231], Togo K000239856 No
Nov 1, 1973 Mbenkum, T. [TFM 395], Cameroon K000028259 No
Jan 1, 1966 Morton, J.K. [2003], Ghana K000239861 No
Jul 19, 1958 Abiai, A.N. [7039], Nigeria K000239888 No
Nov 1, 1954 Burke [322], South Africa K000234041 No
Nov 1, 1954 Burke [322], South Africa K000234042 No
Nov 1, 1954 Welwitsch [4205], Angola K000234059 Unknown type material No
Nov 1, 1954 Lely, H.V. [152], Nigeria K000239880 No
Nov 1, 1954 Lely, H.V. [216], Nigeria K000239882 No
Nov 1, 1954 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 22939], Nigeria K000239886 No
Nov 1, 1954 Kitson, A. [742], Ghana K000239863 No
Nov 1, 1954 Dent, J. [174], Nigeria K000239883 No
Nov 1, 1954 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 22509], Nigeria K000239891 No
Nov 1, 1954 Vigne, G. [3828], Ghana K000239870 No
Nov 1, 1954 Pobéguin, M. [352], Guinea K000239855 No
Nov 1, 1954 Vigne, G. [4536], Ghana K000239869 No
Nov 1, 1954 Dalziel, J.M. [7], Nigeria K000239885 Yes
Nov 1, 1954 Lely, H.V. [63], Nigeria K000239879 No
Nov 1, 1954 Dalziel, J.M. [46], Ghana K000239871 No
Nov 1, 1954 Lely, H.V. [153], Nigeria K000239881 No
Nov 1, 1954 Kennedy, J.D. [7273], Nigeria K000239887 No
Nov 1, 1954 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30096], Cameroon K000028261 No
May 13, 1953 Morton, J.K. [7349], Ghana K000239868 No
Sep 1, 1946 Scott Elliot, G.F. [8372], Burundi K000234085 Unknown type material Yes
Sep 1, 1946 Buttner [404], Togo K000234090 Unknown type material No
Sep 1, 1946 Barter [1324], Nigeria K000234091 Unknown type material Yes
Andrews, F.W. [1975], Sudan 6738.000 No
Zeyher [1188], South Africa K000234045 No
Zeyher [1182], South Africa K000234046 Unknown type material No
Welwitsch [4203], Angola K000234060 Yes
Marques [15], Angola K000234061 No
Welwitsch [4206], Angola K000234062 Unknown type material Yes
Welwitsch [4197], Angola K000234063 Unknown type material Yes
Baum, H. [577], Angola K000234064 Unknown type material Yes
Welwitsch [4204], Angola K000234065 Unknown type material Yes
Hens [227], Congo, DRC K000234086 Unknown type material Yes
Akoegninou, A. [1604], Benin K000239859 No
Hall, J.B. [1424], Ghana K000239867 No
Latilo, M.G. [FHI 64762], Nigeria K000239877 No
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 25841], Nigeria K000239884 No
Jones, E.W. [42234], Nigeria K000239889 No
s.coll. [40734], Nigeria K000239890 No
Hambler, D.J. [450], Nigeria K000239893 No
Latilo, M.G. [FHI 47434], Nigeria K000239895 No
Morton, J.K. [3499], Ghana K000239865 No
Sutho [2791], Guinea-Bissau K000239875 No
Oche, M. [803], Nigeria K000239876 No
Latilo, M.G. [FHI 43385], Nigeria K000239892 No
Adams, C.D. [4526], Ghana K000239866 No
Garnier, P. [149], Côte d'Ivoire K000239854 No
Morton, J.K. [9417], Ghana K000239862 No
Adams, C.D. [1873], Ghana K000239864 No
Morton, J.K. [9417], Ghana K000239872 No
Okafor, J.C. [47543], Nigeria K000239894 No
Garnier, P. [s.n.], Côte d'Ivoire K000239853 No
Olurunfemi, J. [55719], Nigeria K000239878 No
Hepper, F.N. [2330], Ghana K000239873 No
Aug 2, 2001 Baum, H. [457], Angola Cryptolepis producta K000234058 Unknown type material Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [7745], Tanzania Ectadiopsis producta 1054.000 No
Wild, H. [44467], Zimbabwe Ectadiopsis producta 1939.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8125], Tanzania Ectadiopsis producta 5108.000 No
Goyder, D.J. [3823], Tanzania Ectadiopsis producta 59799.000 No
May 3, 2005 Wellman [1785], Angola Cryptolepis linearis K000234066 Unknown type material Yes

First published in J. Bot. 34: 315 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia. Strelitzia 34: 1-158. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia. Strelitzia 34: 1-158. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.P.S. 2: 406 (1952)
  • F.T.A. 4(1): 248 (1902)
  • Fl. Cap. 4(1): 529 (1907)
  • Fl. Rwanda 3: 97 (1985)
  • J.B. 34: 315 (1896)
  • Pl. Nyika Plateau: 70 (2005).
  • T.T.C.L.: 64 (1949)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0