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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Tanzania and Angola.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Periplocaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Slender climber up to 25 ft.high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Greenish-yellow flowers.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Climber with yellow-orange to orange latex.
Morphology Roots
Roots unknown.
Morphology Stem
Stems twining, dark brown, up to 15 m long, glabrous, lenticellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sub-leathery; petiole 5–7 mm long; blade narrowly ovate, ovate or narrowly elliptic to elliptic, (4–)6–9.5 × 2–3.5 cm, acuminate to long attenuate, base rounded, deep green above, paler green beneath, glabrous, midvein prominent beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, fewflowered, lax, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 2–3.5 cm long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2 cm long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts oblong-ovate to narrowly elliptic, 5–7 × 1–2 mm, obtuse
Morphology General Buds
Bud narrowly ovoid, long-apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly ovate to ovate, 3–6 × 1–2 mm wide, obtuse, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish-yellow, yellow or yellow-orange; tube narrowly campanulate, (2–)4–6 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, with papillose spots; lobes linear or oblong ovate, (11–)20–27 × 1–3 mm, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona sometimes double; lower whorl of clavate or arrow-like lobes, 1–2 mm long, fused to papillose spots; upper lobes, when present, peg-like from sinus pocket rims
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal filaments ± 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers hastate, 1–2 mm long, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style ± 0.5 mm long, terete; style-head broadly conical, acute, ± 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles paired, horizontally opposite, cylindrically ovoid, attenuate, 19–24 cm long, 4–6 mm diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, obliquely oblong to obliquely narrowly ovate, 8–10 mm long, 2–3 mm wide; coma white, 2–2.5 cm long.
Ecology
Moist semi-deciduous or evergreen forest, thicket woodland, lake-beach and stream bank forest; 500–1800 m
Distribution
Range: West Africa, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa and Angola Flora districts: U2 U4 T4

[FTEA]
Use
Extract administered as antidote to malaria

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Cryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 26, 2001 Barter [3359], Nigeria K000234087 syntype
Sep 26, 2001 Barter [1333], Nigeria K000234088 lectotype
Sep 26, 2001 Don, G. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000234089 holotype
Aug 2, 2001 Welwitsch [5993], Angola K000234054 Unknown type material
Meikle, R.D. [1296], Nigeria 23277.000

First published in Westafr. Kautschuk-Exped.: 308 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 82
  • Bullock in Kew Bull. 10: 280 (1955).
  • Westafr. Kautschuk-Exped. 308 (1900)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Westafr. Kautschuk-Exped.: 308 (1900).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0