Crepidorhopalon bifolius (Skan) Eb.Fisch.

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to Zambia.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Zambia, Kambole, SW of Lake Tanganyika, ± 1525 m [5000 ft], 1896, Nutt s.n. (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect, slender herb, (2.5–)6–12(–18) cm tall, branched from base or at times above.
Morphology Stem
Stems quadrangular, very sparsely short spreading hispid, frequently mixed with short stipitate glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, basal in one or two pairs, broadly ovate to elliptic-ovate, 5–20 mm long, 3–9 mm wide, thin, base rounded, apex acute or obtuse, margins obscurely few toothed, short pubescent to subglabous; one or two pairs of cauline leaves occasionally present, similar to basal but smaller
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few, mostly laxly alternate in terminal racemes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts subulate or linear-lanceolate, 0.5–1(–2.5) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2.5 mm long, slender
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–5(–6) mm long, shortly hispid to glandular or subglabrous; lobes narrowly lanceolate, 2–4(–5) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale yellow to white, upper lip oblong-ovate, lateral lobes of lower lip elliptic, median lobe subcircular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, all fertile; anterior filaments 4–5.5 mm long with clavate appendages 0.8–1 mm long produced at base; antero-lateral ridge not evident
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule broadly ellipsoid to ellipsoid globose, ± 3.5 mm long, 1.5–2.5 mm broad, apiculate.
Ecology
Wet areas;  ± 1550 m
Conservation
Data Deficient (DD); known only from a few collections in its range of distribution
Note
The collection included here from Kalambo Falls was made by Bullock but no further information on the locality is available from the label with the specimen. As the Falls are on the border between Zambia and Tanzania the actual locality must remain uncertain, but as the usual access is by road within Tanzania, the probability is that this collection was made within that country and as such has been included here. There is a strong possibility that, at a later date, it may be found occurring elsewhere within the Flora area.
Distribution
Range: Zambia Flora districts: T4

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Erect, slender herb, (2.5)6–12(18) cm. tall, branched from base or at times above; stems quadrangular, very sparsely short spreading hispid, frequently mixed with short stipitate glands.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, basal in one or two pairs, 5–20 x 3–9 mm., broadly ovate to elliptic-ovate, thin, obtuse or acute at apex, rounded at base, short pubescent to subglabrous, obscurely few-toothed; one or two pairs of cauline leaves occasionally present, similar to basal but smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers few, mostly alternate in terminal racemes, bracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 0.6–1.2(2.5) mm. long, subulate to linear-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–2.5 mm. long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3.25–5.25(6.25) mm. long, shortly hispid to glandular or subglabrous; lobes 2–4(5) mm. long, narrowly lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale yellow to white, upper lip oblong-ovate, lateral lobes of lower lip elliptic, median lobe subcircular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Anterior filaments 4–5.5 mm. long with clavate appendage c. 0.8–1 mm. long produced at base; antero-lateral ridge not evident.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule c. 3.5 x 1.5–2.5 mm., broadly ellipsoid to ellipsoid-globose, apiculate.

[FTEA]
Use
None recorded on specimens from our area

Native to:

Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Crepidorhopalon bifolius (Skan) Eb.Fisch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nutt, W.H. [s.n.], Zambia Lindernia bifolia K000379638 Unknown type material Yes
Bidgood, S. [5903], Tanzania Lindernia bifolia K000468522 No
Bidgood, S. [5525], Tanzania Lindernia bifolia K000190755 No
Bidgood, S. [6027], Tanzania Lindernia bifolia K000468398 No
Bidgood, S. [5789], Tanzania Lindernia bifolia K000468636 No
Bidgood, S. [6096], Tanzania Lindernia bifolia K000468329 No

First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 60: 413 (1990)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0