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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Central Kenya.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or subshrubs, 0.5–1.5 m tall, ± whitish or pale brownish due to a dense indumentum of dendroid hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate; blade ovate, elliptic or sometimes orbicular or oblate, up to 15–90 × 8–50 mm, apex rounded, obtuse or subacute, base cuneate, margin crenate or almost entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ± lax; bracts persistent or deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx 7–12 mm long, closed by the lower lobes being pressed against the upper lobe, ± whitish due to the indumentum; upper lobe obscuring the rest of the calyx from above, orbicular-oblate, 9–13 × 10–14 mm, subcordate at the base; lateral lobes filiform or subulate at apex; lower lobes connate to an emarginate lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5–7 mm long, greenish white or pinkish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anterior stamens 2–3 mm longer than the lower lip of the corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets c. 1.6–1.9 × 1.4–1.6 mm, densely hairy with branched hairs, not producing mucilage when wet.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1, 2; Ethiopia, northern Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range 100–510 m.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Ethiopia, Borana, Malca Guba on Daua Parma, Cufodontis 112 (FT!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic perennial shrub 0.5–1 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems rounded-quadrangular, woody, branched; indumentum tomentose, hairs short, dense and dendroid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with or without young shoots in axils; blades ovate to broadly ovate, 1.5–6 × 0.8–3.5 cm, serrate or subentire, apex obtuse, base cuneate, with short dendroid hairs on both surfaces; petiole 3–15 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, verticils 1–2 cm apart; bracts erect, small and green or sometimes red and obscuring young buds, forming a small coma at apex, broadly ovate to narrowly ovate, 3–5 × 2–3 mm, entire, acuminate or cuspidate at apex, cuneate at base, tomentose; pedicels ± 3 mm long, erect, ± flattened, slightly curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± horizontal or downward-pointing, 3 mm at anthesis, indumentum brownish, tomentose, longer on tube and anterior lip than on posterior lip; posterior lip large, rounded at tip, decurrent, tomentose on inner surface; four lobes of anterior lip subequal, bristle-pointed; fruiting calyx 7–10 mm long, throat closed, posterior lip expanded, rotund, decurrent, obscuring the rest of the calyx from above, accrescent or flat, median lobes of anterior lip pressed against underside of the posterior lip, teeth of lateral lobes lower than or level with the underside of the median lobes, often ± spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla greenish white, white or yellow, 6–7 mm long, tube straight, funnel-shaped, scarcely exceeding calyx, lips tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exceeding corolla by 2–3 mm, posterior with a large, ± fleshy, flattened, hairy outgrowth near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, ± spherical, 1 mm in diameter, pubescent, not producing mucilage when wet
Figures
Fig 22: 3–4, p139
Ecology
Acacia-Commiphora bushland on lava and limestone, Acacia bushland; 350–1200 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
The closed calyx tube, brown spherical nutlets which do not produce mucilage and stamen morphology link to O. jamesii from Somalia, which also has pubescent nutlets and dendroid hairs but lacks the expanded posterior lip of the calyx. Immature specimens of O. cufodontii which lack fruiting calyces can easily be confused with O. jamesii which only differs otherwise in the shorter, often whitish, calyx indumentum with more densely branched dendroid hairs and the shorter, more branched habit. O. nummularia (S. Moore) A.J. Paton from NE Somalia is also closely related to O. cufodontii, differing only in having shorter leaves, glabrous nutlets and a shorter, appressed, whitish indumentum.
Distribution
Range: Ethiopia, Somalia Flora districts: K1 K4

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia

Ocimum cufodontii (Lanza) A.J.Paton appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Grana 31: 162 (1992)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Paton in Kew Bull. 47: 403–435 (1992)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Eth. 5: 572 (2006)
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 339 (2006).
  • Grana 31: 162 (1992)
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 27 (1999)
  • K.B. 47: 420, fig. 1C, D (1992)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0