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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Subshrubby herb or rarely ± shrubby, aromatic, with several stems from a woody base, (0.14–)0.3–1.5 m. tall; stems becoming brownish, often ± unbranched, densely adpressed pubescent or hispid and with shorter hairs, or the indumentum more spreading, particularly near to base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paired or in whorls of 3, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1.7–8(–10) cm. long, 0.5–5 cm. wide, ± acute at the apex or actual tip rounded, broadly cuneate at the base, slightly discolorous, rugose and ± rough or even scabrid above with adpressed hairs but not velvety, roughly velvety beneath with dense matted yellow-grey-green hairs and glandular, closely rounded-serrate, the venation usually prominent beneath, subsessile or petiole 1–5(–8) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, solitary or paired (i.e. up to 6 per node), ± cone-like and shortly pedunculate, mostly not reaching beyond base of leaf but elongating and becoming oblong in fruit, 0.3–3.5(–5) cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide; peduncles 0–1.3(–1.8) (or even up to 5–6 cm. in some variants (?hybrids)); bracts very conspicuous, rounded-ovate, obovate, lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, 0.8–1.3(–2) cm. long, 0.5–0.7(–1.3) cm. wide, larger at base of inflorescence, acute to cuspidate, the cusp often purplish, adpressed pubescent glandular and ciliate, often clearly 5-nerved or ribbed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx thin, 2.5 mm. long, ± truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla deep purple, crimson or magenta, sometimes with white or yellow centre, scarcely exceeding the bracts above and shorter in lower part of inflorescence; tube slender, (2–)3–4(–5) mm. long, densely spreading pubescent; limb 1.5–3 mm. wide, the lobes rounded, ± 1 mm. long, not so pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits blue or purple, subglobose, 2–4 mm. long and wide, often ± shiny, invested at first in the thin membranous calyx.
Figures
Fig. 6.
Habitat
Hyparrhenia grassland, Combretum and other wooded grassland, open woodland including Brachystegia, old cultivations, sometimes amongst granitic rocks; 75–2070 m.
Distribution
Guinea Bissau to Cameroon, K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 U2

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub 0.30–0.90(1.20) m tall, bushy erect or with sprawling procumbent stems, rarely a shrub Subshrub 0.30–0.90(1.20) m tall, bushy erect or with sprawling procumbent stems, rarely a shrub.
Morphology Stem
Stems several to many from a woody rootstock, annual or becoming ± woody below, somewhat angular, simple or sometimes branched; internodes (6)8–10.5(11–14) cm long, usually longer than the leaves; indumentum hispid-pubescent with long whitish tubercle-based hairs usually curving and upwardly directed or ± spreading, intermixed with very short patent bristles and usually with scattered sessile glands; branches 1–3, slender, 9–30 cm long Stems several to many from a woody rootstock, annual or becoming ± woody below, somewhat angular, simple or sometimes branched; internodes (6)8–10.5(11–14) cm long, usually longer than the leaves; indumentum hispid-pubescent with long whitish tubercle-based hairs usually curving and upwardly directed or ± spreading, intermixed with very short patent bristles and usually with scattered sessile glands; branches 1–3, slender, 9–30 cm long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-whorled or sometimes opposite, both often in the same plant, all opposite on some branches, usually shortly petiolate; lamina mostly (4.2–4.5)5–8(8.5–10) × (2)2.5–4(5) cm, smaller on the branches and lower part of stem, ovate or narrowly ovate, tapering-attenuate to an acute apex, ± abruptly rounded at the base with the middle part of the rounded base cuneate and somewhat decurrent into the petiole, serrate-crenate or crenulate on the margins with 14–23 shallow teeth along almost the entire length of each side, somewhat membranous or chartaceous, light green and velvety-hispidulous above with spreading tubercle-based bristles, becoming ± scabrous with the tubercle-bases persisting in older leaves, paler and ± densely hispidulous-pubescent to tomentose beneath with hairs mainly on the venation and not tubercle-based, indumentum intermixed with sessile glands; venation slightly impressed on leaf upper surface and slightly raised beneath; petiole 3–8 mm long, slender Leaves 3-whorled or sometimes opposite, both often in the same plant, all opposite on some branches, usually shortly petiolate; lamina mostly (4.2–4.5)5–8(8.5–10) × (2)2.5–4(5) cm, smaller on the branches and lower part of stem, ovate or narrowly ovate, tapering-attenuate to an acute apex, ± abruptly rounded at the base with the middle part of the rounded base cuneate and somewhat decurrent into the petiole, serrate-crenate or crenulate on the margins with 14–23 shallow teeth along almost the entire length of each side, somewhat membranous or chartaceous, light green and velvety-hispidulous above with spreading tubercle-based bristles, becoming ± scabrous with the tubercle-bases persisting in older leaves, paler and ± densely hispidulous-pubescent to tomentose beneath with hairs mainly on the venation and not tubercle-based, indumentum intermixed with sessile glands; venation slightly impressed on leaf upper surface and slightly raised beneath; petiole 3–8 mm long, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1 per leaf axil with 2–3 per node, or sometimes 2 per axil, erect or ascending, 0.3–2.5(3–5) cm long, usually no longer than half the length of the subtending leaf, (0.5)1–4(5.5) cm long in fruit Peduncles 1 per leaf axil with 2–3 per node, or sometimes 2 per axil, erect or ascending, 0.3–2.5(3–5) cm long, usually no longer than half the length of the subtending leaf, (0.5)1–4(5.5) cm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowering spikes somewhat clustered, (10)13–18 × (4)9–14 mm, ovoid or subspherical in flower, elongating to 3.5 cm long in fruit and becoming ovoid-oblong to subcylindric; lower bracts leaf-like, as long as or exceeding the flowering spike and obscuring the upper corollas at anthesis, (8.5)11–17(20) × (5)7–11(13) mm, ovate to broadly ovate, rarely ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate-cuspidate at apex, truncate or rounded at the base, with 5–7 ± prominent nerves from the base, appressed hispidulous-puberulous mainly on the nerves, often purple or brownish-purple at least in the upper bracts; fruiting spike-axes 2.5 cm long, with ± spaced prominent scars often within the remains of persistent calyces, sometimes with pedicels up to c. 3 mm long Flowering spikes somewhat clustered, (10)13–18 × (4)9–14 mm, ovoid or subspherical in flower, elongating to 3.5 cm long in fruit and becoming ovoid-oblong to subcylindric; lower bracts leaf-like, as long as or exceeding the flowering spike and obscuring the upper corollas at anthesis, (8.5)11–17(20) × (5)7–11(13) mm, ovate to broadly ovate, rarely ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate-cuspidate at apex, truncate or rounded at the base, with 5–7 ± prominent nerves from the base, appressed hispidulous-puberulous mainly on the nerves, often purple or brownish-purple at least in the upper bracts; fruiting spike-axes 2.5 cm long, with ± spaced prominent scars often within the remains of persistent calyces, sometimes with pedicels up to c. 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla usually purple, sometimes magenta or mauvish-pink, with or without white or yellow centre; tube (2)3–4(5) mm long; limb (1)1.5–3 mm wide Corolla usually purple, sometimes magenta or mauvish-pink, with or without white or yellow centre; tube (2)3–4(5) mm long; limb (1)1.5–3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes 2–3.5 × 2–4 mm, subglobose, shiny, mauve, magenta to metallic.purple when mature. Drupes 2–3.5 × 2–4 mm, subglobose, shiny, mauve, magenta to metallic-purple when mature.
Ecology
In miombo woodland, plateau woodland and mopane , submontane grassland and grassland on hillsides, dambo margins and sometimes in shallow soil overlying rock; 760–1670 m.
Note
Specimens from west tropical Africa were included in Lantana rhodesiensis by Meikle in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 435 (1963). However, those specimens seen by myself (from Guinea Bissau, Cameroon, and N and S Nigeria) differ from typical L. rhodesiensis mainly in the smaller bracts, the lower ones of which do not reach the top of the spike, and the upper ones of which are nearly filiform at the apex and narrower than in L. rhodesiensis. These west tropical African specimens also have a shrubby habit and larger relatively broader leaves. Perhaps these plants represent a separate subspecies of L. rhodesiensis. Meikle (loc. cit.) also considered L. mearnsii var. latibracteolata Moldenke to be a synonym of L. rhodesiensis. However, the type of this variety, a specimen from Dem. Rep. Congo, differs not only from the west tropical African specimens but also from typical L. rhodesiensis in having retrorse hairs on the stem, obtuse leaves, narrower spikes, smaller bracts and smaller drupes. L. rhodesiensis is extremely polymorphic and has been confused, in various herbaria, with L. mearnsii , L. rugosa (as L. salviifolia ), L. trifolia , L. viburnoides and even with Lippia baumii , Lippia radula and Lippia wilmsii [See R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 156–162 (1989), and discussion by Verdcourt, F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 45 (1992)].  Specimens intermediate between this species and L. angolensis , and between it and L. trifolia , are discussed under those species in this treatment. With regard to the difficulty in distinguishing taxa Verdcourt (loc. cit.) pointed out that the situation is confused by the almost certain existence of hybrids between the ‘ L. ukambensis - L. rhodesiensis - L. angolensis ’ complex and both L. trifolia and L. viburnoides .   He suggested that a possible solution may be to recognise a broad taxon with three subspecies based on  L. ukambensis , L. rhodesiensis and L. angolensis. Verdcourt, in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 45 (1992), sank L. rhodesiensis into L. ukambensis (Vatke) Verdc., a species based on Lippia ukambensis Vatke, the type specimen of which ( Hildebrandt 2739; B†, holotype; K, isotype + fragment of holotype) is a small branch of a shrub with short internodes, opposite leaves and oblong floral bracts; whereas L. rhodesiensis is usually a many-stemmed perennial subshrub with unbranched stems, very long internodes, and larger spikes with larger ovate to broadly ovate floral bracts.  In some respects the isotype of Lantana ukambensis approaches Lantana angolensis Moldenke more closely than L. rhodesiensis .  On the other hand, the type specimen of L. ukambensis may be a hybrid between L. rhodesiensis and another species. However, the type of this variety, a specimen from Dem Congo, differs from the west tropical African specimens
Distribution
Zimbabwe Malawi Mozambique Botswana Zambia Mozambique Also in Uganda, Sudan and Tanzania, perhaps elsewhere. Zambia Zimbabwe Malawi District code: MOZ N, MOZ W, MOZ C, MOZ E, MOZ S, ZIM N, MAL N, MAL C, MOZ N, BOT N, BOT SW, BOT SE, BOT B, BOT W, BOT C, BOT E, BOT S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, MAL C, MOZ T.

[FWTA]

Verbenaceae, H. Huber, F. N. Hepper & R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A woody herb of open grassland, 1-6 ft. high;
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in threes or occasionally opposite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers minute usually magenta or purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits crimson or purple.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Lantana ukambensis (Vatke) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Luke [2969], Kenya K000509643
Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9571], Cameroon K000107554
May 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4416], Cameroon K000107553
Milne-Redhead, E. [3542], Zimbabwe Lantana milne-redheadii 11716.000
Jan 1, 2008 Phillips [4694], Malawi Lantana rhodesiensis K000479862
Jan 1, 1994 Opiko, B. [1794], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332776
Jun 2, 1987 Brodhurst-Hill [522], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332765
Jun 2, 1987 Vaughan, J.H. [2023], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332761
Jun 2, 1987 Graham, A.D. [2441], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332772
Jun 2, 1987 Brodhurst-Hill [145], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332762
Jun 2, 1987 Bally [99], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332768
Jun 2, 1987 Brodhurst-Hill [18], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332764
Jun 2, 1987 Scott Elliot, G.F. [6341], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332771
May 2, 1987 Johnstone, H.H. [91], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332777
Jan 1, 1986 Macaulay [735], Zambia Lantana rhodesiensis K000379325
Jan 1, 1986 Macaulay [735], Zambia Lantana rhodesiensis K000379326 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1985 Meyers, J.G. [6529], Sudan Lantana rhodesiensis K000379335 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1984 Milne-Redhead, E. [3542], Zimbabwe Lantana rhodesiensis K000379323 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1984 Milne-Redhead, E. [3542], Zimbabwe Lantana rhodesiensis K000379324 isotype
Jan 15, 1973 Bally [14811], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332759
Jan 12, 1972 Bally [14764], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332773
Oct 1, 1949 Macaulay [735], Zambia Lantana rhodesiensis K000379327 Unknown type material
Chancellor, R.J. [45], Uganda Lantana rhodesiensis 24169.000
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2739], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000379329
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2738], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000379330
Baker, G.S. [311], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332779
Brunt, M.A. [551], Cameroon Lantana rhodesiensis K000029503
Napper, D.M. [1567], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332770
Robertson, S.A. [1964], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332767
Tweedie, D.R. [1078], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332763
Tweedie [1536], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332774
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2739], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000379331
Mwangangi, O.M. [915], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332769
Mwangangi, O.M. [754], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332775
Bally [1549], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332766
Glover, P.E. [236], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332778
Williams, G.R. [182], Kenya Lantana rhodesiensis K000332760

First published in Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Verbenac.: 43 (1992)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0