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This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Tanzania and Namibia.

[FTEA]

Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Plants tufted or solitary, 35–150 cm. high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal, moniliform, densely covered with fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots fibrous, bearing tubers distally.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, bases clasping the peduncle, outer ones short and falcate, inner ones gradually longer and more erect, firm, narrowly lanceolate, acute, closely ribbed, densely pubescent or glabrous, scabrid or ciliate on the margins, 18–100 cm. long, 0.5–4 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle mainly leafless, but with a few bract-like leaves just below the inflorescence, sharply angled or compressed and winged, glabrous, ciliate or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence unbranched or with 1–2 condensed branches at the base, ± compact, elongated to subglobose, up to 12 cm. long; floral bracts dark brownish, ovate to broadly lanceolate, aristate, ciliate or glabrous on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels articulated below the middle, 8–15 mm. long and arcuate in fruit, 2–3-nate at the lower nodes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth white; tepals 9–11 mm. long, 5–9-veined, outer ones with dark blackish-red tips, scabrid on the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than the perianth; filaments dilated at the middle, shorter to as long as the anthers, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style declinate, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, shallowly 3-lobed to rounded-deltate in cross-section, transversely ridged, 6–8 mm. long, 5–6 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly folded, 1–2 mm. in diameter.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

Morphology General Habit
Plants tufted or solitary, 35–165 cm high.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome horizontal, regularly constricted, densely covered with fibrous remains of old leaf bases.
Morphology Roots
Roots thin, wiry, with tubers at tips.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in 2 rows, 3–10 per plant, firm, narrowly-lanceolate, narrowed at base, acute, 18–100 × 0.5–6 cm, inner ones longer, closely ribbed, densely pubescent or glabrous, scabrid or ciliate on margins; leaf bases clasping lower part of peduncle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle mainly leafless, but with a few bract-like leaves just below the inflorescence, sharply angled and pubescent, sometimes glabrous but then flat and winged, with wings ciliate or scabrid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence unbranched or with 1–2 condensed branches at base, moderately dense to subglobose, up to 13 cm long; floral bracts dark brownish, ovate to broadly lanceolate, aristate, ciliate or glabrous on margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–3 per node, articulated below middle, 8–11 mm long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth whitish, tepals 9–11 mm long, 5–9-veined, scabrid on margins, outer ones with dark, blackish-reddish tips.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than tepals, radially symmetrical (rarely zygomorphic); filaments dilated at middle, glabrous, as long as or slightly shorter than anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile; style declinate, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid, shallowly deltoid, transversely ridged, 6–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly folded, 1–2 mm across.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Chlorophytum sphacelatum (Baker) Kativu appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [3293], Zambia Anthericum sphacelatum 2353.000

First published in Nordic J. Bot. 13: 64 (1993)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Kirkia 15: 76 (1994).
  • in Nordic J. Bot. 13: 64 (1993);
  • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 34 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kativu in Nordic Journ. Bot. 13: 64 (1993).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0