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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania, Socotra, Yemen.
Edithcolea grandis

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Creeping stem-succulents, 5–15 cm high, richly branching, mat-forming.
Morphology General Exudate
Latex clear or at most cloudy
Morphology Stem
Stems green or grey-green, cylindrical, 2–30 cm long, 10–18 mm wide, roundly 4–5-angled, with dark green or reddish markings around conical tubercles
Morphology Leaves
Leaf rudiments flattened conical, hard, 1–2 × 1 mm, acute, light brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences near tip of stems, 1-(rarely 2–)flowered, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla fleshy, rotate, 8–12 cm diameter, abaxially light brownish, adaxially creamishyellow, maculate with purplish red to red-brown, rugose, papillose; tube 5–6 mm deep and high; corolla lobes triangular, marginal and apical areas with emergences tipped by a long trichome
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Gynostegial corona sessile, “outer” fleshy, ivory or brownish; “inner” staminal corona lobes connivent-erect, 2–3 mm long, clavate, profusely tuberculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps two, 9–20 cm long, fusiform, winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 7–8 × 5.5 mm, broadly ovate, wing 1.5 mm wide, flat
Figures
Fig 78, p. 324.
Ecology
Dry, deciduous bushland, mostly on rocky ground; 400–1350 m
Distribution
Range: Also in Ethiopia, Somalia and Yemen (Socotra) Flora districts: U1 K1 K2 K3 K4 K7 T2 T3

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
N1, “Henweina” valley, Cole s.n. & Lort Phillips s.n. (K syn.)
Morphology Stem
Stems 10–15 mm thick
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Pedicels 14–18 mm long, c. 2 mm thick; corolla (30–)60–120 mm wide, with a short tube, c. 6 mm wide, a broad, flat limb and broadly triangular, reflexed lobes; limb and lower part of lobes basically yellowish with an intricate pattern of more or less concentrically arranged dark purple dots, which are usually dense but sometimes almost absent and become larger and more widely spaced in an arc in the middle of each lobe; margin of corolla and the apical portion of the lobes usually uniformly purple or greenish-brown, with a fringe of long club-shaped purple hairs that also border them on the inner side and extend in five radial lines from the sinuses between the lobes to the outer rim of the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Outer corona-lobes acutely bifid and hairy on the inner side; inner lobes strap-shaped in their middle portion, joined above the staminal column, minutely tuberculate.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3
Ecology
Altitude range 200–1500 m.
Note
Plants from north of Muqdisho, with exceptionally small flowers (Lavranos, Carter & al. 24541) need to be further investigated and may represent a distinct taxon.

Native to:

Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Socotra, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Edithcolea grandis N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [s.n.] 19350.001
Brandham [157], Somalia 29047.362
Smith, A.R. [247], Yemen 30642.000
Gillett, J. [12792], Kenya 30814.000
Carter, S. [901], Somalia 45687.000
Bailes, C. [146], Somalia 48182.000
Greenway, P.J., Tanzania 5325.000
Tweedie, E.M. [669], Uganda 6577.000
Bally, P.R.O. [S5], Kenya 8029.000
Bally, P.R.O. [S5A], Kenya 8031.000
Greenway, P.J. [4259], Tanzania 8032.000
Greenway, P.J. [4928] 8036.000
Forbes, H.O. [145], Socotra K000305982 Unknown type material
Cole, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000305983 syntype
Lort Phillips, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000305984 syntype
s.coll. [s.n.] Edithcolea sordida 5326.000

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 220 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by J. Lavranos [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: t. 551 (1987)
  • Bot. Mag. 177: t. 562 (1970)
  • F.P.U.: 121 (1962)
  • F.T.A. 4(1): 492 (1903)
  • Fl. Eth. 4(1): 184 (2003)
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 184 (2006).
  • K.B. 1895: 220 (1895)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 185 (1994)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/