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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador to Central Peru, SE. & S. Brazil.

[KBu]

Eriksson, R. (2007). A Synopsis of Basellaceae. Kew Bulletin, 62(2), 297-320. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20443356

Distribution
Ecuador and southwards to central Peru.
Ecology
Known from dry habitats at high altitudes.
Morphology General Habit
Trailing to twining vine
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blades 1.5 - 4 x 1 - 3.5 cm, somewhat obovate to elliptic, ovate, or cordate, at base attenuate to cuneate or cordate, at apex acute or rarely obtuse to shortly acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual-Sepals 1.5 - 2 x 1 - 1.5 mm, shorter than petals, ± patent at anthesis and erect to somewhat patent in fruit, rhombic to rhombic ovate, at anthesis whitish, in fruit ± black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers pale, probably whitish yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2 - 2.5 x 1 - 1.5 mm, uniform, + patent at anthesis and erect in fruit, oblong to elliptic or slightly obovate, at anthesis whitish, in fruit ± black
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 1, undivided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.5 - 1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit completely and tightly enclosed by persistent perianth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1.5 - 18 cm long, unbranched, or very rarely branched once above the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles persistent, narrowly to broadly triangulair, free
Morphology Stem
Stem glabrous, not producing tubers, often rooting at nodes
Note
Anredera marginata is distinguished from the closely related A. aspera, A. brachystachzys, and A. diffusa by its smooth stern and usually unbranched, white-flowering racemes. Anredera marginata is very variable regarding, e.g. the leaf shape, also within individuals. This variation gave rise to the now synonymised Basella obovata, a species that was questioned already by Moquin-Tandon (1849b).
Type
Ecuador, "crescit locis subfrigidis prope Quito, alt. 1600 hex.", Humboldt & Bonpland 3128 (holotype P!; isotype B-W, microfiche GB!).

Native to:

Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Ecuador, Peru

Anredera marginata (Kunth) Sperling appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 1253 (1993)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Sperling, C. R. (1993). Basellaceae. In: L. Brako & J. L. Zarucchi (eds), Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: 1253.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Eriksson, R. (2007). A synopsis of Basellaceae Kew Bulletin 62: 297-320.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0