Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb to 50 cm
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate or occasionally sessile, petiole (2–)5–15(–20) mm long; lamina spreading or ascending, spatulate, obovate, oblanceolate, lanceolate or oblong, lowest leaves present at anthesis 2–3.5 × 0.3–1.2 cm, upper leaves 2.5–8(–10) × (1.1–)2–4(–4.8) cm, apex obtuse, rounded or retuse, apiculate, the apices of lower leaves generally more acute than those of upper leaves, tapering gradually or abruptly at the base into the petiole, glabrous or sparsely hairy beneath; midrib channelled on upper surface, lateral veins clearly visible but neither impressed nor raised, numerous, parallel to each other and at ± 90° to the midrib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels with 2–4(–8) flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles pubescent at least on one side, 2–20(–35) mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts deciduous, narrowly triangular, often of two types, one 2–4 mm long, filiform, the other 5–7(–12) × 1–1.5 mm, margins ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 11–25(–31) mm long, pubescent on one side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes ovate, 6–10 × (2.5–)4–5(–6.5) mm, acute or subacute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla green or maroon with reddish brown, yellow or white markings within, campanulate, lobed to 1–2 mm from the base; lobes obovate, 13–20(–25) × 8–14 mm, apex rounded or obtuse, recurved, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes white or yellowish, subglobose, ± 3 × 2 mm, reaching the top of the column or exceeding it slightly, with a flattened inner face and three short, inward-pointing teeth near the top, attached to the staminal column 3–5 mm above the base of the gynostegium
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther appendages broadly ovate, ± 1.5 × 2 mm; corpusculum ± 0.5 mm long; translator arms ± 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia falcate-oblong, 0.7–1 × ± 0.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles ovate-lanceolate, ± 7 × 2 cm, puberulent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds suborbicular, ± 7 × 6 mm
Figures
Fig 112/1.
Ecology
Montane grassland, open Parinari woodland and disturbed miombo; 1100–1900 m
Distribution
Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe Flora districts: T4 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Glossostelma spathulatum (K.Schum.) Bullock appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2015 Osborne, J. [JO 957], Zambia 76891.000
Jan 1, 1995 Buchanan, J. [603], Malawi K000234355 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1995 Buchanan, J. [43], Malawi K000234356 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1995 Cameron, K.J. [12], Malawi K000234357
Jan 1, 1995 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000234358
Jan 1, 1995 Carson, A. [62], Zambia K000234359 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1995 Mechow [539a], Angola K000234360 lectotype
Polhill, R. [1392], Tanzania 3787.000
Leedal, G.P. [5367], Tanzania 40336.000
Cribb, P. [11382], Tanzania 41092.000
Cruse, A.W. [485], Zimbabwe Xysmalobium bellum 14800.000

First published in Kew Bull. 7: 414 (1952)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cribb & Leedal, Mt Fl. S. Tanz.: 103, photo 1c (1982).
  • K.B. 7: 414 (1952)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0