Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus Schltr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to Eswatini.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb arising from stout woody rhizomatous rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems ascending or erect, 1–4, robust and somewhat fleshy, unbranched, 0.3–1 m long, glabrous and commonly glaucous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile or subsessile, ovate to lanceolate, (4–)7–12 × (1.3–)3–6 cm, acute, cordate at the base, margins smooth, glabrous, generally glaucous with a waxy bloom on both surfaces; veins prominent, sometimes reddish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences extra-axillary with (6–)9–15 flowers in a nodding umbel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles 1.5–6 cm long, mostly 1/2– 2/3 length of subtending leaf, glabrous and generally glaucous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts filiform to linear, 5–10 × 0.5–1 mm, margins ciliate or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2–3.5 cm long, glabrous, glaucous or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes oblong to broadly ovate, 7–10 × 2–4 mm, apex obtuse to acute, glabrous, green or glaucous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla united at the base for 1–2 mm, greenish yellow, sometimes purplish on outer face, minutely papillate particularly towards base; lobes strongly or weakly reflexed, ovate, 9–12 × 5–8 mm, acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes attached ± 1.5 mm above base of staminal column, similar to G swynnertonii but measuring 4–6 × 3–6 mm, upper margin ± level with head of staminal column
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings triangular, 2–2.5 × 0.5–1 mm, outer margin straight or weakly concave; anther appendages broadly ovate, ± 1 × 1 mm, obtuse, inflexed over apex of stylar head; corpusculum black, ovoidsubcylindrical, ± 0.4 × 0.15 mm, with translucent flanges running up sides from attachment of translator arms; translator arms ± 0.5 × 0.15 mm, flattened and ± uniform in width but differentially thickened – inner margin thicker near corpusculum, outer margin thicker near pollinium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia oblanceolate, ± 1.2 × 0.4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles fusiform, 5.5–10 × 1.5–3.5 cm, with occasional longitudinal wings and an acute apex or oblong-elliptic in outline and somewhat inflated with an obtuse apex, glabrous, glaucous, usually only one of the pair developing; fruiting peduncle contorted to hold follicle erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds suborbicular, ± 6 × 5 mm, with a slightly convoluted, pale and minutely pubescent margin surrounding a verrucose pubescent disc; coma ivory, ± 4 cm long
Figures
Fig 103/9 & 104/8, pp 424 & 425.
Ecology
Grassland or open Brachystegia or mixed decidous woodland; 700–2400 m. Flowering mostly October to December
Distribution
Range: Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa Flora districts: U2 T2 T5 T7 T8

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Gomphocarpus glaucophyllus Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Polhill, R.M. [1088], Tanzania 29850.000 No
Leedal, G.P. [5182], Tanzania 40396.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8161], Tanzania 59838.000 No
McLea, J.H. [3086], South Africa K000234877 Yes
Galpin, E.E. [663], South Africa K000234878 isotype Yes
Galpin, E.E. [663], South Africa K000234876 isotype Yes

First published in Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 18 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.J. 18, Beibl. 45: 19 (1894).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0