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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to S. Africa.
Gomphocarpus physocarpus

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 950 - 2180 m.; Andes, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Subarbusto

[FWTA]

Asclepiadaceae, A. A. Bullock. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A perennial herb up to 6 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Cream flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Bladder-like fruits
Ecology
In upland seasonal swamp grassland.

[FTEA]

Apocynaceae (part 2), David Goyder, Timothy Harris, Siro Masinde, Ulrich Meve, Johan Venter. Flora of Tropical East Africa, 2012

Morphology General Habit
Shrubby perennial herb to 2.5 m tall arising from a tap root.
Morphology Stem
Stems generally single, branching above, woody below, upper parts pubescent with spreading white hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves generally opposite, but occasionally subopposite or crowded into pseudowhorls; petiole 3–12 mm long; lamina narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 4–9(–12) × 0.5–1.5(–2) cm, apex acute, base cuneate, margins smooth, subglabrous or sparsely pubescent with soft white hairs, particularly on the midrib and margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences extra-axillary with 5–12 flowers in a nodding umbel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles ascending, 1.5–3.5 cm long, densely spreading-pubescent to tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals narrowly triangular-attenuate, 3–4 × 1 mm, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla strongly reflexed, white, glabrous outside, minutely papillate and with long white hairs along the right margin within; lobes ovate, 5–8 × 3–4.5 mm, subacute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona lobes attached 1.5–2 mm above base of staminal column, quadrate, 2–3 × 1.5–2(–2.5) mm, laterally compressed, complicate, as tall as the column, with a short erect to slightly recurved tooth ± 0.5 mm long on the proximal upper margin, cavity of the lobe lacking any form of tooth, white, frequently tinged with pink or purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther wings 1.8–2 mm long, margins very slightly sinuous; corpusculum black, ovoid-subcylindrical with lateral translucent flanges, 0.4 × 0.15 mm; translator arms ± 0.3 mm, flattened and geniculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pollinia
Pollinia oblanceolate in outline, ± 1.6 × 0.4 mm, flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Stylar head flat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Fruiting pedicel contorted. Pedicels (1–)1.5–2(–3) cm long, densely pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicle globose or subglobose, to 4–7 cm in diameter, slightly depressed on one side, not beaked but occasionally somewhat angled apically, strongly inflated, pubescent, densely covered with filiform processes to ± 1 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate, ± 4.5 × 2 mm, with one convex and one concave face, verrucose; coma ± 3 cm long
Figures
Figs. 103/2 & 104/2, pp 424 & 425
Ecology
Common in seasonally wet pastures and flood plains, also occuring in disturbed areas; 1500–3000 m
Note
This species is very closely allied to G. semilunatus and G. kaessneri, sharing the characteristic growth form of a principal upright stem and many side shoots rather than the more bushy habit of the G. fruticosus group. The G. physocarpus group also has similar preferences for seasonally flooded meadows. The species of this group can generally be distinguished by the form of the corona, as shown in the key and Fig. 103/2–4. The calyx of G. physocarpus is also much shorter than in G. semilunatus. In Kenya and Tanzania G. physocarpus appears to occur in drier spots (e.g. road verges) than G. semilunatus, and is a shorter, more stiffly branched plant . The corona and branching pattern are as in South Africa. The follicle tends to be more beaked than in typical (South African) material and may be of partially hybrid origin with G. fruticosus, as also appears to be the case in Australia where Forster (1996) reports hybrid swarms between these two species.
Distribution
Range: Native to South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique, almost certainly introduced elsewhere in Africa. The species is certainly not native elsewhere in the world. Flora districts: U2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

Introduced into:

Angola, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, Leeward Is., Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Senegal, Seychelles, Society Is., South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela

Gomphocarpus physocarpus E.Mey. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2011 Sundaling [SAN 135392], Sabah K000577231
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9584], Cameroon 72143.000
May 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9584], Cameroon K000107572
Tweedie, E.M. [1290], Kenya 1942.000
Brower, L.P. ["B"], Uganda 30173.000
Greenway [12552], Tanzania 30616.000
Andrews, S. [920], South Africa 55626.000
Goyder, D.J. [3846], Tanzania 59800.000
Goyder, D.J. [3711], Kenya 59805.000
Gerrard [511], South Africa K000234901
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000234900 lectotype
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000234899 syntype
Glaziou, A.F.M. [6706], Brazil K000096474 isolectotype
Glaziou, A. [21757], Brazil Gomphocarpus brasiliensis K000096472

First published in Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr.: 202 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Castle, G.E. in Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 7(3): 1-375. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goyder, S., Harris, T., Masinde, S., Meve, U. & Venter, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Apocynaceae(2): 1-530.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1996). Flora of Australia 28: 1-335. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Rapini, A. (2010). Revisitando as Asclepiadoideae (Apocynaceae) da Cadeia do Espiniaço Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 28: 97-123.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1995). Flora of China 16: 1-479. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bullock in Kew Bull. 7: 408 (1952).
  • Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 202 (1837)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Castle, G.E. in Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2012). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jagtap, A.P. & Singh, N.P. (1999). Fascicles of Flora of India 24: 1-332. Botanical Survey of India, New Delhi.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1996). Flora of Australia 28: 1-335. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Vladimirov, V. Aybeke, M. & Kit Tan (2018). New floristic records in the Balkans: 37 Phytologia Balcanica 24: 397-461.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Comm Pl. Afr. Austr. 202 (1838)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 177, t. 67 (1994).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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