Ravenea lakatra (Jum.) Beentje

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Madagascar.

[PW]
Distribution
E Madagascar: between Andasibe and Vangaindrano.
Conservation
Endangered. Occurs in a very limited number of sites, several of which are being destroyed rapidly. The population at Mantady consists of pruned rosettes; the two southern populations have less than 20 trunked trees.
Biology
Moist lowland forest on slight mid slope or ridge crest; 90-850 m
Vernacular
Lakatra; Tsilanitafika (cannot be cut down by an army).
General Description
Moderate-sized palm. TRUNK 4.5-14 m, 13-17 cm diam., to 11 cm across near the crown; nodal scars c. 1 cm (to 3.5 cm near crown), internodes 10-16 cm (c. 2 cm near crown), light brown; wood very hard, with black fibre layer; sheath remnants clothing distal part of trunk; short, erect woody sheath base remnants set at nodes over the whole length of trunk, very hard, to 7 cm long; base of crown c. 22 cm across. LEAVES 8-10 in the crown, porrect, slightly arching, held on edge in distal part of leaf; sheath 75-80 x 16 cm, with down-pointing fibres on margins, white-tomentose, with black internal fibres; petiole 80-160 cm, proximally 5-6 x 3-6 cm across, distally 4 x 3 cm across, channelled, with very sharp (almost sawtooth) edges, proximally closely den- ticulate, with white or grey tomentum but glabrescent; rachis 2.3-3.5 m, in mid-leaf 1.2-2.2 x 1.3 cm, with white to grey tomentum but quickly glabrescent; leaflets stiff, in one plane, mid-green, 87-98 on each side of the rachis, the proximal 42-102 x 0.8-3.8 cm, the median 66-77 x 2.7-4.7 cm (interval 3-4 cm), distal 23-49 x 0.7-2.3 cm, few small ramenta near the rachis, but these deciduous, sinuous transverse veinlets clearly visible. STAMINATE INFLORESCENCE interfoliar, solitary, branched to 1 order (only seen as dead); peduncle not seen; prophyll not seen; peduncular bracts seen 89, 103 cm; rachis c. 92 cm; rachillae 6-30 cm, 1-1.5 mm across; pedicel 1.2-1.6 mm. STAMINATE FLOWERS with the calyx connate for 1 mm, with free lobes 0.8 x 0.2-0.3 mm; petals probably connate for 1.8 mm, free lobes 5-5.5 x 1.3 mm; stamens ? in 2 series, the epipetalous ones adnate for/inserted at 2.2-2.5 mm, the filaments absent, the anthers 1.5 x 0.5 mm. PISTILLATE INFLORESCENCE solitary, erect, interfoliar among old leaf bases in fruit, branched to 1 order; peduncle 82-130 cm, proximally 3.5-4 x 1.5-2 cm, distally 2.5 x 1.5 cm, densely white-brown pubescent; prophyll 10-25 x 5 cm, tattering, white, membranous; peduncular bracts 20-43 cm, 30-40 cm (inserted at 22-24 cm from the base of the peduncle), 140 cm (inserted at 48 cm), 88-119 cm (inserted at 60-87 cm), all densely white- to brown-pubescent abaxially, glabrous adaxially; rachis 44-86 cm, white-tomentose, with 50-70 porrect rachillae; rachillae 7-65 cm, 2 mm across, sinuous, proximally 11 x 5 mm; pedicels 3-6 mm; bracteole 1.5 x 1.5 mm, connate for up to 1 mm. PISTILLATE FLOWERS with the calyx connate for 2-2.5 mm, 3.5 mm across, the free lobes 0.8-2 x 0.9-1.2 mm; petals 5-8 x 2.5-5.5 mm. FRUIT blackish, slightly depressed globose, 15-20 x 18-21 mm, with terminal stigmatic remains, 1-/2/3-seeded; each seed with sclerified layer 8-11 mm and 6-10.6 mm across with sharp distal acumen 2.5-3 mm, the layer 0.3-0.35 mm thick. SEED 9-10 mm, 5-10 mm across, with distal acumen of 1.5 mm; seedcoat black, 0.2 mm thick.

[PW]
Use
At Andasibe extensively used as a source of fibre for weaving high-quality hats, the young leaves being harvested; this prevents the trees from growing, and most populations are pruned to a perpetually juvenile rosette stage.

Native to:

Madagascar

Ravenea lakatra (Jum.) Beentje appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 4, 1999 Byg, A. [26], Madagascar K000114652 No
Nov 16, 1996 Dransfield, J. [JD7638], Madagascar K000114649 No
Jan 1, 1995 Beentje, H. [4440], Madagascar K000114648 No
Jan 1, 1995 Dransfield, J. [JD6424], Madagascar K000114650 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4726], Madagascar 29047.838 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4793], Madagascar 59460.000 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4523], Madagascar 60439.000 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4726], Madagascar K000114651 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4793], Madagascar K000114653 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4523], Madagascar K000114654 No
Jan 1, 1993 Beentje, H.J. [4793], Madagascar K000462259 No
Beentje, H.J. [4793], Madagascar 29047.837 No
Beentje, H.J. [4523], Madagascar 59464.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4822], Madagascar 60574.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4523], Madagascar Louvelia lakatra 29047.832 No

First published in Kew Bull. 49: 662 (1994)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rakotoarinivo, M., Trudgen, M.S. & Baker, W.J. (2009). The palms of the Makira protected area, Madagascar. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 53: 125-146.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • J. Dransfield & H. Beentje, The Palms of Madagascar. 1995

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Rakotoarinivo, M., Trudgen, M.S. & Baker, W.J. (2009). The palms of the Makira protected area, Madagascar. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 53: 125-146.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0