Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.

First published in London J. Bot. 3: 87 (1844)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Indian Subcontinent to Myanmar. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/18435916/18435924

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
[CPLC]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Vulnerable
Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Acacia, Baile De Caballero, Boir Noir, Bois Noir, Bonara, Bwar Nwar, Ebano-oriental, Fany, Faux Mendoravina, Kona, Lebbeck, Lengua De Mujer, Mara, Mata-raton, Rain Tree, Shack-shack, Siris, Siris-tree, Suriya Mara, Vageri, Vaivai Ni Vavalagi, Vakai, Vieil
[ILDIS]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 0–1000 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Córdoba, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bayeto, carbonero, carbonero de sombrío, carbonero dormilón, carita, dormilón, guamuche, guango, muche, mucheblanco, pisquín
[UNAL]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree; bark grey, rough; young branchlets puberulous
Morphology Leaves
Pinnae (1–)2–4(–5) pairs; leaflets 3–11 pairs, oblong or elliptic-oblong, 15–48(–65) x (6–)8–24(–33) mm, rounded at apex, mostly glabrous above and subglabrous or puberulous beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers on pedicels 1.5–4.5(–7.5) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (2.5–)3.5–5 mm long, puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5.5–9 mm long, glabrous except for puberulence on outside of lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube not or scarcely exserted beyond corolla; filaments 1.5–3 cm long, pale green or greenish-yellow in upper part, white below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod oblong, (12–)15–33 x (2.4–)2.9–5.5(–6) cm, glabrous except near base, coriaceous, veined, pale straw-coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 7–11.5 x 7–9 mm.
Distribution
Planted in streets and gardens at least in S2, and becoming naturalised probably native in tropical Asia.
[FSOM]

Uses

Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Weed, Wood
[ILDIS]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Siris Tree

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0