1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea quila Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; thinner than stem. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 6-14 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 6-10 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 5-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; 3-6 cm long. Panicle axis angular; puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-1.5 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1-2 mm long; 0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3-4 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3-4 mm long; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 4-6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 4-6 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Munro 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chile Central, Chile South

    Chusquea quila Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 1: 138 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0