1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Grewia L.
      1. Grewia mollis Juss.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Tiliaceae, C. Whitehouse, M. Cheek, S. Andrews & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree to 10.5 m tall; young branches densely stellate-pubescent, sometimes coarsely so or ferruginous, turning dark grey to black or reddish brownwhen older.
    Leaves
    Leaves elliptic to elliptic-oblong, 2–14.5 cm long, 0.7–5.5 cm wide, acute to slightly acuminate at the apex, cuneate, broadly rounded or obliquely truncate at the base, margin coarsely and sharply serrate, ± glabrous to sparsely minutely stellate-pubescent above, densely finely greyish to brownish white-pubescent beneath, less dense and somewhat brownish on the veins; petiole 4–13 mm long, finely greyish to coarsely brownish or ferruginous pubescent; stipules lanceolate, 5–7 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a (1–)3-flowered cyme, 1–8 in a leaf-axil; peduncle 8–35 mm long; pedicels 3–11 mm long; bracts linear-lanceolate, ± 3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow; sepals 6–10 mm long; petals obovate to oblong, 4–6 mm long, ± 2 mm wide, sometimes notched at the apex.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore ± 1 mm long, glabrous, densely hairy at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–6 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1.5–2 mm long, densely hairy; style ± 6 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit unlobed, subglobose, 4–7 mm long, 5–7 mm wide, covered with a fine whitish tomentellum, also with a few scattered pilose hairs when younger, green turning yellow when ripe.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/35 (leaf, p. 11).
    Habitat
    Forest, open woodland, Combretum wooded grassland, on anthills in seasonally flooded grassland; 700–1550 m
    Distribution
    K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4 Senegal to Congo (Kinshasa), Ethiopia, Somalia, Angola, Zambia and S Yemen
    [FZ]

    Tiliaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to 4 m. tall; bark thick and flaking, leaving a yellow-brown surface exposed; flowering branches elongated, up to 2 m. long, flattened somewhat towards their tips, brownish- or greyish-tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–15 × 2·5 cm., oblong, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, apex acute or subacute, margin serrate, coarsely and irregularly so in large leaves, rounded to broadly cuneate at the base, green and minutely stellate-pubescent above, greyish- or greyish-brown-tomentose below on both nerves and spaces between them; petiole up to 1 cm. long but usually less, brownish-tomentose, more densely so above than below, somewhat channelled above; stipules up to 1 cm. long, linear-subulate, tomentellous, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences all axillary; peduncles sometimes 2–3 together in one axil, c. 1 cm. long, greyish-tomentose; pedicels similar, usually 3 but sometimes up to 6 together, c. 5 mm. long; bracts up to 5 mm. long, tomentellous, entire or rarely 2- or 3-dentate at the apex, very caducous.
    Buds
    Flower-buds oblong-ovoid.
    Calyx
    Sepals 6–9 mm. long, linear-oblong, greyish-tomentose outside, yellow and glabrous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals bright yellow, about 2/3 the length of the sepals, oblong-spathulate or obovate, often 2-dentate at the apex, with a basal nectariferous claw circumvillous within, with a short ledge above, and glabrous on the back.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore c. 1 mm. long, glabrous, villous at the apex, not elongated above.
    Pistil
    Ovary villous, shallowly 2-lobed or 1-lobed by abortion of 1 loculus and then style eccentric; style 6–7 mm. long, glabrous, with 4 flattened stigma-lobes.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 7 mm. in diam., very deeply 2-lobed or more often 1-lobed by abortion of 1 loculus, globose, greyish-yellow, puberulous.
    [FWTA]

    Tiliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree, up to 20 ft. high
    Ecology
    In savannah
    Leaves
    Leaves pale greenish-white beneath
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow
    Fruits
    Fruits black when ripe
    Note
    Very variable.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Oman, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Grewia mollis Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Barter [1097], Nigeria K000241828

    First published in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 91 (1804)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Whitehouse, C., Cheek, M., Andrews, S. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Tiliaceae & Muntingiaceae: 1-120.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1963). Flora Zambesiaca 2(1): 1-351. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 154, t. 25, 4.
    • Burret in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 45: 174
    • — F.T.A. 1: 248
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Sebsebe in Fl. Eth. 2(2): 146 (1995).
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 156, fig. f, f6 on 152, map (1994).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 370, fig. 117/3 (1983).
    • Troupin, Fl. Pl. Lign. Rwanda: 678, fig. 233/3 (1982)
    • R. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 10: 34, t. 5 (1963).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 49 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 238, fig. 42/c (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 567, fig. 103/f & f6 (1961).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 304 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 428 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 621 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 565 (1948).
    • Burtt Davy, Check-lists For. Trees & Shrubs Brit. Emp. 1, Uganda: 117 (1935).
    • Burret in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 45: 174 (1910).
    • K. Schum. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 264 (1895).
    • Mast. in Flora of Tropical Africa: 248 (1868).
    • Juss. in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 91 (1804).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0