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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa to N. Namibia.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Round-topped tree usually 10–17 m high, occasionally reaching 25 m; young bark smooth and grey but becoming rough and fissured when old; deciduous.
Morphology Branches
Young branches pubescent to tomentose with appressed or ascending rusty-brown hairs, but quickly glabrescent to leave a smooth grey bark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate: stipules 5–9 × 1–3 mm, obliquely linear-triangular, pubescent to tomentose, caducous; petiole and rachis together (4)6–11(13) cm long, of which the petiole is (0.8)1.5–2.5(3) cm, pubescent to tomentose with rusty brown hairs; petiolules 1–3 mm long; leaflets in (3)4–5(very rarely 6) pairs, strictly opposite or rarely with up to 1 mm separating members of a pair, each (3)4–7(9) × (1)1.5–2.5(4) cm, variable in shape from lanceolate (or smaller basal leaflets even ovate) to elliptic or elliptic-oblong or occasionally (particularly uppermost leaflets) oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base (sometimes slightly asymmetric) or the uppermost pair markedly asymmetric with rounded proximal side and cuneate distal side, usually rounded at the apex (sometimes broadly so) and either apiculate or distinctly emarginate, but occasionally acute, pubescent with brownish hairs on both surfaces when young but quickly glabrescent except on the midrib beneath, sometimes with conspicuous pellucid gland-dots or dashes between the tertiary veins, often with swellings (?domatia) on the leaflet margin almost at the base on the proximal side and a few mm above the base on the distal side; lateral nerves extending to the marginal nerve.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 4–35 cm long, ± erect, brown-pubescent to -tomentose, with up to 40 flowers regularly alternately arranged on opposite sides, the rachis consequently somewhat zigzag, most flowers (except usually one or two which produce fruit) falling with pedicel to leave a prominent ledge (bract scar) at each node of the otherwise denuded rachis; bracts c.4 × 5 mm, ovate to semicircular, caducous; pedicels c.9–13 mm, with prominent bracteole scars c.1–3 mm. from the base; bracteoles 4–5 × 3–5 mm, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, usually rounded at apex, quickly caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 13–20 mm long, divided to the base into 4 lobes of which the upper (adaxial) is 7–10 mm broad, the lateral one 4–7 mm broad, and the lower (abaxial) one 3–5 mm broad and slightly the longest through curvature, all brown-pubescent to -tomentose outside except on the overlapped margins 0.5 mm broad, and pale brown-tomentose inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, 2.3–3.0(3.5) cm long, obovate-spathulate, pale mauve to bluish-purple, undulate at lower margins, villous towards midrib especially near base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, about equalling the petals, one free, nine lightly fused towards the base, the lower part villous and the free part glabrous; anthers (3.5)4–5 mm long, versatile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 12–15 × 4–5 mm, obliquely oblanceolate, brown-tomentose; style slightly exceeding petals and stamens; stigma capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 8–14 × 3.5–4.7(5) cm, oblanceolate with oblique apex, woody, brown-tomentose, dehiscing into two spirally twisted valves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark reddish brown, 2–2.5 × 1.5–1.8 × 3 mm, elliptic-orbicular, compressed.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian forest
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Rhodesian Teak, Zambezi Redwood

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Medicine, Wood

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

English
Zambezi teak

Baikiaea plurijuga Harms appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 19, 1938 Baum, H. [428], Angola K000417889 Unknown type material
Dec 17, 1938 Gossweiler, Johannes [2657], Angola K001091915
Rushworth, J.E. [245], Zimbabwe K000282596
Grosvenor, R.K. [727], Zimbabwe K000282597
Menezes, A. [3608], Angola K000282598
Long, D.G. [652], Botswana K000282600
Smith, P.A. [2284], Botswana K000282601
Evans, J. [359], Botswana K000282602
Smith, P.A. [2064], Botswana K000282603
Robertson [63], Botswana K000282605
Edwards, D. [04448], Namibia K000282608
Edwards, D. [04443], Namibia K000282609
Miller, O.B. [s.n.], Botswana K000282606
Hisumpa, S.M.C. [SMC9], Zambia K000282594
Yalala, A.M. [222], Botswana K000282604
Gossweiler, Johannes [10881], Angola K001091918
Borges, A. [330], Angola K000282599
Brummitt, R.K. [14267], Zambia K000282595
Winter, B. de [4191], Namibia K000282607

First published in O.Warburg (ed.), Kunene-Sambesi Exped.: 248 (1903)

Accepted by

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
  • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
  • White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia.
  • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/