1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Stylochaeton Lepr.
      1. Stylochaeton lancifolium Kotschy & Peyr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Sudan.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Plant erect on a vertical rhizome, 10-15 mm thick; numerous adventitious roots, in clumps, ca. 5 mm thick. LEAVES appearing after flowering; petiole 10-32.5 (-40) cm, sheathed up to 3/4 of the length, sheath very wide at the base, intermingling with bracts accompanying the petioles; leaf blade sagittate to cordate at the base, apex broadly acute, rarely rounded, ± mucronate; in young state base entire, rounded, subtruncate or subcordate; anterior lobe, 10-17 (-27) x 5-13 (-16) cm, oblong-lanceolate, elliptic to oblong-elliptic; posterior lobes, 2-8 x 1.5-6 cm, deltoid obtuse, triangular or suborbicular; 4-6 pairs of palmate veins, ascending, not all reaching the apex and forming a prominent and irregular network with the secondary veins. INFLORESCENCE with only one peduncle, almost underground, 2-6.5 cm long, surrounded by generally longer bracts; spathe almost equal to the peduncle, 3-6 cm, long-tubed, acuminate at the apex, violet; spadix, generally exserted; male flowers numerous, of 3-6 stamens, borne by a cup-shaped perianth; female flowers separated from the male flowers by a smooth space of ca. 5 mm; 4-5 ovaries on only 1 verticil, each being located in an urceolate perianth where part of the style emerges; base of the perianth ± joined together; ovary unilocular; numerous anatropous ovules, with a long funicle. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries appear globose.
    Distribution
    West Tropical Africa to Sudan.
    Diagnostic
    Leaves appearing after flowers; blade hastate with posterior lobes over 2 cm long, in savanna.
    [CATE]
    Use
    It is thought that after several days of cooking, it is edible.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo

    Stylochaeton lancifolium Kotschy & Peyr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2010 Chevalier, A. [9227], Central African Republic K000099451 syntype
    Jan 1, 1983 Fay, M.J. [4524], Central African Republic K000452215
    Nov 1, 1964 Dalziel, J.M. [237], Nigeria K000099455 holotype
    Troupin, G. [1929], Congo K000452213
    Meikle, R.D. [1294], Nigeria 27685.000
    Chevalier, A. [9547], Central African Republic K000099452 isosyntype
    Morton, J.K. [A236] K000499414
    Schweinfurth, G. [199], Congo K000452212
    Synge [220] 58038.000
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [8210], Central African Republic K000452216
    Spinage [220], Central African Republic K000452214
    Dalziel, J.M. [860], Nigeria Stylochaeton dalzielii 22200.000

    First published in Pl. Tinn.: 42 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Bogner, J. (2011). Four new species of Culcasia and Stylochaeton (Araceae) from tropical Africa Willdenowia 41: 57-66.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Ntépé-Nyame, C. 1988. 31. Aracées. Flore du Cameroun. 140 pp.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0