Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers

Pyrostegia venusta is a liana (a vigorous, woody climber) that makes a beautiful ornamental plant with cascades of orange flowers. It is commonly grown in tropical and subtropical areas, as well as in mild Mediterranean climates. The plants form dense masses, growing up trees, on walls or over rocks, and are covered with flowers in the cool, dry season.

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Extensive woody climber reaching tops of tall trees or covering houses.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with 2 leaflets, the terminal replaced by a tendril.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate to elliptic, 3.5–8 × 2.5–6 cm, acute to acuminate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal or axillary subumbelliform panicles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate (3–)4–7 mm long with very short teeth ± 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla brilliant waxy orange, yellow or red, tubular-funnel-shaped, (4–)4.5–8.5 cm long, 0.7–1.2 cm wide at the throat, lobes oblong, 1–2.5 × 0.4–0.7 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits flat, linear, 16–33 × 1.2–1.6 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± 0.9 × 1 cm, slightly bilobed with brownish hyaline wings.
Figures
Fig. 2.3–2.6, p. 15.
Note
Native of Brazil; this is one of the most widely planted showy climbers in the tropics and must be in almost every sizeable garden in E Africa; being so well known there are not many collections.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
boliviana, cayena, jazmín de fuego, llamarada, lluvia de coral, lluvia de oro, siete de bastos, tango

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1900 m.; Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Guiana Shield, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 100–1900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Caquetá, Cauca, Meta, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.

[KSP]

Kew Species Profiles

General Description
Flame vine is a rampant climber that carries cascades of bright orange tubular flowers. Although a dazzling spectacle when in full flower, in some parts of the world it has become naturalised and a weed.

Pyrostegia venusta is a liana (a vigorous, woody climber) that makes a beautiful ornamental plant with cascades of orange flowers. It is commonly grown in tropical and subtropical areas, as well as in mild Mediterranean climates. The plants form dense masses, growing up trees, on walls or over rocks, and are covered with flowers in the cool, dry season.

The plant from which the painting of P. venusta in Curtis's Botanical Magazine was illustrated was collected in Brazil in 1815 by Admiral Sir John Beresford (Second Sea Lord and Conservative politician). It was brought to the editor of Curtis's Botanical Magazine by William Smith, who looked after Lord Liverpool's garden at Combe Wood in Surrey. Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister in 1812 after the assassination of Spencer Perceval and died at Combe Wood in 1828.

Species Profile
Geography and distribution

This species is native to Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. According to some records, it may occur naturally as far north as Mexico. It is also commonly cultivated throughout the tropics and other frost-free regions of the world, where it can become naturalised and is sometimes considered invasive.

Description

Pyrostegia venusta climbs up to 6 m or more. The leaves have paired leaflets (5.0-7.5 cm), and a long, central 3-branched, twisting tendril. The crowded clusters of flowers are formed in the leaf axils on the tips of shoots. The orange, yellow or red flowers are 4-8 cm long, tubular, with narrow recurved lobes. Each flower has an exerted style and two long exerted and two shorter stamens. The capsule is narrowly cylindrical and filled with winged seeds. After the petals fall off, they hang for a day or so by the style before dropping. In the wild, P. venusta is pollinated by hummingbirds.

Uses

In Brazil, the leaves of Pyrostegia venusta are used in traditional medicine as a tonic and for treating diarrhoea. However, Pyrostegia venusta is more widely known as an ornamental climber that makes a dazzling spectacle when in full flower. It flowers throughout the year in favourable locations (with a peak in June to September in its native range). In some parts of the world, such as in Queensland (Australia), south-eastern USA and on some Pacific islands, it has become naturalised and is considered a weed, smothering native vegetation. There is a risk that it could become invasive in other countries where it has been introduced.

This species at Kew

Flame vine is found in the Princess of Wales Conservatory, flowering mainly in winter.

Pressed and dried specimens of Pyrostegia venusta are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

Distribution
Argentina, Brazil
Ecology
Rocky places, forests in seasonally dry areas, scrub.
Conservation
Not evaluated according to IUCN Red List criteria.
Hazards

None known.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

[KSP]
Use
Ornamental, traditional medicine.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Introduced into:

Ascension, Dominican Republic, Gambia, Hawaii, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, St.Helena, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles

English
Flame vine

Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2009 Rauscher [vil 36], Brazil K000579211 No
Jan 1, 2009 Sales [382], Brazil K000579217 No
Jan 1, 2008 Wood [13440], Bolivia K000542747 No
Jan 1, 2008 Zappi, D.C. [1272], Mato Grosso K000579044 No
Sep 18, 1979 Barbosa, V.P. [648], Brazil K000990628 Yes
May 2, 1966 Lindeman, J.C. [1150], Brazil K000990620 Yes
Jul 19, 1955 Handro, O. [493], Brazil K000990624 Yes
Gardner [1768], Brazil K000990761 Yes
Guedes, T.N. [417], Brazil K000990630 Yes
Miers, J. [3633], Brazil K000990623 Yes
Rambo, B. [47195], Brazil K000990625 Yes
Gentry, A.H. [59177], Brazil K000990762 Yes
Harris [s.n.], Brazil K000990621 Yes
Belém, R.P. [3876], Brazil K000990632 Yes
Fróes, R.L. [30377], Brazil K000990629 Yes
Weir, J. [8], Brazil K000449682 Yes
Blanchet [2563], Bahia K000449680 Yes
Belém, R.P. [1554], Brazil K000990631 Yes
Blanchet [2563], Bahia K000449681 Yes
Luiz [s.n.], Brazil K000990626 Yes
Hunt, D.R. [6310], Brazil K000990622 Yes
Lutz, A. [1364], Brazil K000990627 Yes
Bang, M. [1596], Bolivia Pyrostegia tecomiflora K000449684 Yes
Bang, M. [1510], Bolivia Pyrostegia tecomiflora K000449685 Yes
Jan 1, 1963 Castellanos, A. [23372], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990747 Yes
Jun 18, 1960 Braga, R. [5370], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990753 Yes
Oct 20, 1953 Reitz, R. [1502], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990755 Yes
Mar 9, 1948 Burchell [4923], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990749 Yes
Mar 5, 1948 Sehnem, A. [1627], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990746 Yes
Hassler, E. [3022], Paraguay Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000449683 Yes
Dusén, P. [14121], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990752 Yes
Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990748 Yes
Reitz, R. [12815], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990759 Yes
Pohl [1782], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990750 Yes
Reitz, R. [13106], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990758 Yes
Reitz, R. [6846], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990756 Yes
Gardner [543], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990751 Yes
Reitz, R. [12642], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990760 Yes
Hatschbach, G.G. [6304], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990754 Yes
Reitz, R. [12855], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990757 Yes
Guedes, M.L. [629], Brazil Pyrostegia venusta var. villosa K000990745 Yes

First published in Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 3: 188 (1863)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Arbo, M.M. & al. (2018). Flora Argentina. Flora vascular de la República Argentina 20(1): 1-488. INTA, IMBIV & IBODA.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Da Silva, M.M. & De Queiroz, L.P. (2003). A família Bignoniaceae na região de Catolés, Chapada Diamantia, Bahia, Brasil. Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 3: 3-21.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lohmann, L.G. & Taylor, C.M. (2014). A new generic classifiaction of tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 348-489.
  • Lohmann, L.G. (2006). Manuscript on a new generic classification of Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) based on molecular phylogenetic data and morphological synapomorphies.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Species Profiles

  • Herklots, G. (1976). Flowering Tropical Climbers. Dawson, Folkestone & Science History Publications, New York.
  • Mors, W. B., Toledo Rizzini, C. & Alvares Pereira, N. (ed. R. A. DeFilipps) (2000). Medicinal Plants of Brazil. Reference Publications, Algonac, Michigan.
  • Phillips, R. & Rix, M. (1989). Conservatory and Indoor Plants. Pan Books, London.
  • Pool, A. (2008). A review of the genus Pyrostegia (Bignoniaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 95: 495-510.
  • World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2010). Pyrostegia venusta. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. (2005). Vines and Climbing Plants of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 51: 1-483.
  • Arbo, M.M. (1999). Bignoniaceae. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 74: 361-374. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Burger, W. & Gentry, A.H. (2000). Bignoniaceae. Fieldiana Botany New Series, n.s., 41: 77-160. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Dubs, B. (1998). Bignoniaceae. The Botany of Mato Grosso 3: 32-38. Betrona Verlag, Küsnacht.
  • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Gentry, A.H. (1977). Bignoniaceae. Flora of Ecuador 7: 1-172. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
  • Gentry, A.H. (1982). Bignoniaceae. Flora de Veracruz 24: 1-222. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos, Xalapa, Veracruz.
  • Gentry, A.H. in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (1997). Bignoniaceae. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 3: 403-491. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lohmann, L.G. & Taylor, C.M. (2014). A new generic classifiaction of tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 348-489.
  • Lohmann, L.G. (2006). Manuscript on a new generic classification of Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) based on molecular phylogenetic data and morphological synapomorphies.
  • Standley, P.C. & Williams, L.O. (1974). Bignoniaceae. Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(10/3): 153-232. Field Museum of Natural History.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E. Afr. ed. 4 p. 132, 332, 354 (1957) as Bignonia venusta.
  • T.T.C.L.:72 (1949)

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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