Acmella caulirhiza Delile

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual herb, decumbent or scrambling, often rooting at the nodes, up to 15 cm high or 60 cm long; stems sappy, often reddish or purplish, glabrous or pilose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, 1–7 cm long, 0.8–5 cm wide, base attenuate, margins dentate, apex acute or obtuse, glabrous or pilose; 3-veined from base; petiole 1–15 mm long, narrowly winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary and hemispherical, becoming conical, radiate, 4–14 mm long, 4–10 mm in diameter, on stalks 2–7 cm long; involucre 3.5–6 mm long, of 2 series of phyllaries.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Ray florets 10–15, yellow, 2.2–3.3 mm long, the ray 1.4–2.3 mm long. Disc florets many, yellow or slightly orange, 1.1–1.9 mm long.
Ray
Ray florets 10–15, yellow, 2.2–3.3 mm long, the ray 1.4–2.3 mm long.
Disc
Disc florets many, yellow or slightly orange, 1.1–1.9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 1.3–2.4 mm long, glabrous; pappus usually absent but sometimes some setae present on achenes of outer florets.
Figures
Fig. 152 (page 731).
Habitat
Swampy or seasonally wet sites, river-banks, cultivated areas, forest margins; 750–3100 m
Distribution
widespread in tropical and subtropical Africa and Madagascar K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Note
Like the last (Spilanthes filicaulis) but more hairy and more robust with the flower-heads on longer peduncles.

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A creeping herb
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flower-heads on short ascending peduncles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Disk-florets orange, ray-florets yellow.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Réunion, Sudan, Swaziland, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Seychelles

Acmella caulirhiza Delile appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2010 Etuge, M. [405], Cameroon K000662175 No
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2600], Cameroon K000518595 No
Jul 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11154], Cameroon K000199831 No
Jul 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11811], Cameroon K000199830 No
Mar 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [432], Cameroon K000746644 No
Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4303 r], Cameroon K000746653 No
Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [434], Cameroon K000746645 No
Jan 1, 2004 Biye, E. [111], Cameroon K000746648 No
Jul 1, 2001 Ghogue, J.-P. [11], Cameroon K000108720 No
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7901], Cameroon K000108723 No
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8316], Cameroon K000108721 No
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1562], Cameroon K000108718 No
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [3986], Cameroon K000108719 No
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2726], Cameroon K000108724 No
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [8931], Cameroon K000108722 No
Dec 1, 2000 Munyenyembe, P. [869], Cameroon K000338037 No
Jan 1, 1995 Thompson, S.A. [1474], Cameroon K000052309 No
Dec 1, 1889 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000410415 Unknown type material Yes
Dec 1, 1889 Tyson, W. [1057], South Africa K000410416 Yes
Dec 1, 1889 Harvey [s.n.], South Africa K000410417 Yes
Dec 1, 1889 Krauss [303], South Africa K000410418 Yes
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410419 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410420 Unknown type material Yes
Mwangulango, N.A. [1083], Tanzania K000614883 No
Morton, J.K. [832], Cameroon K000052322 No
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 30888], Cameroon K000052314 No
Rakoto, R. [201], Madagascar K000662027 No
Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41578], Cameroon K000052326 No
Johnston, H.H. [0 s.n.18], Cameroon K000052318 No
Boughey, A.S. [7036], Cameroon K000052323 No
Hepper, F.N. [1947], Cameroon K000052312 No
Morton, J.K. [648], Cameroon K000052321 No
Gereau, R.E. [6752], Tanzania K000438240 No
Schimper [134], Ethiopia K000410421 isotype Yes
Gobbo, G. [910], Tanzania K000612946 No
Maitland, T.D. [1655], Cameroon K000052325 No
Hepper, F.N. [2098], Cameroon K000052313 No
Maitland, T.D. [1130], Cameroon K000052324 No
Chuml, H. [204], Cameroon K000052316 No
Mboya, E. [887], Tanzania K000612924 No
Manning, S.D. [602], Cameroon K000052284 No
Morton, J.K. [K 261], Cameroon K000052327 No
Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28369], Cameroon K000052310 No
Ash [1072], Ethiopia Spilanthes mauritiana 35489.000 No
Mar 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [4545], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338033 No
Aug 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8677], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338035 No
Aug 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8676], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338036 No
Aug 1, 1998 Etuge, M. [3537], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338034 No
Aug 1, 1998 Cable, S. [2986], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338032 No
May 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8567], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338038 No
Onana, J.-M. [477], Cameroon Spilanthes africana K000338039 No

First published in Cent. Pl. Afr. Voy. Méroé: 335 (1826)

Accepted by

  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Beentje, H.J. (2021). Flore du Gabon 56: 1-148. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 216, t. 88 (1994), as calirhiza.
  • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 207, t. 71 (1993).
  • Del., Voy. Meroe 4: 335, t. 64, fig. 7 (1827).
  • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 228, t. 50 (1991).
  • R.K.Jansen in Syst. Bot. Monogr. 8: 37, map (1985).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0