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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Sphaeranthus africanus

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Herb 0.5–1 m high; stems simple or branched, the branches winged; wings entire or denticulate, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly elliptic or obovate, 2–10 cm long, 0.8–3.2 cm wide, but lower stem leaves may grow to 15 cm long and 5 cm wide, base decurrent into the wings, margins subentire or denticulate, apex rounded to subacute, pubescent to almost glabrous, glandular and slightly aromatic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Glomerule greenish white, ellipsoid to globose, 7–13 mm long, 7–13 mm across, occasionally double, the individual capitula distinct; capitulum stalk 5–30 mm long; receptacle globose to ellipsoid; glomerule bracts linear to lanceolate and 2.5–4 mm long, 0.3 mm wide, acute to acuminate, glandular-puberulous, the lowermost bracts hidden at anthesis; capitula borne on a short secondary receptacle, with 6–15 bracts, these oblanceolate, 1.5–3 mm long, apiculate to rounded, sparsely glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets:outer florets 15–40, tube ovoid to broadly cylindrical and corky, abruptly narrowed into a filiform tube, 0.7–0.9 mm long, glabrous, minutely toothed distally, style 0.8–1 mm long; inner florets 1–3, tube inflated and corky but abruptly constricted below the lobes and there sparsely glandular, 0.7–1 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.5 mm long, sparsely glandular, anthers 0.6–0.8 mm long, style 1.7–2.8 mm long, briefly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes cylindrical, 0.4–0.6 mm long, puberulous and glandular, briefly stalked on a white glabrous stipe.
Habitat
Stream or pond margins, moist sites; 1–450 m
Distribution
K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z southern Asia and Australia

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Madagascar, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

Sphaeranthus africanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1924 Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000974752
Jan 1, 1924 Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Northern Territory K000974757
Tisserant, R.P. [1962], Congo, DRC K000274135 Unknown type material
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1021], Tanzania K000274162
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2896], Madagascar K000274200
Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000974758

First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1314 (1763)

Accepted by

  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Humbert, Fl. Madag. 189: 376 (1962).
  • L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1314 (1763).
  • Lisowski in Flore d'Afrique Centrale Compositae, Inuleae: 217 (1989).
  • Robyns in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1924: 196 (1924).
  • Ross-Craig in Hook., Ic. Pl. ser. 5, 6: 18, t. 3501a (1954).
  • Wild in Kirkia 12: 99 (1980).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/