Cistaceae Juss.

First published in Gen. Pl. [Jussieu] 294. 1789 [4 Aug 1789] (1789)nom. cons.
This family is accepted


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • APG IV (2016)


  • Bayer, C., Kubitzki, K. (2003). Cistaceae. In: Kubitzki, K. (ed.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants Vol. 5: Flowering Plants Dicotyledons: Malvales, Capparales, Non-betalain Caryophyllales, pp. 62-70. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Christenhusz, M.J.M. (2009). Cistaceae: Family description and key to the genera. Flora Mesoamerica vol. 3 (2), pp 1-5. (online
  • Guzmán, B., Vargas, P. (2009). Historical biogeography and character evolution of Cistaceae (Malvales) based on analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-trnF sequences. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 9: 83-99.
  • Herrera, J. (1992). Flower variation and breeding systems in the Cistaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 179: 245-255
  • Heywood, V.H. (2007). Cistaceae. In: Heywood, V.H. (ed.). Flowering Plant Families of the World, pp. 100-101. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Spaulding, D.D. (2013). Key to the pinweeds (Lechea, Cistaceae) of Alabama and adjacent states. Phytoneuron 99: 1-15.
  • The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society vol. 161(2): 105-121.
  • Watson, L. & Dallwitz, M.J. (1992) onwards. The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval- Tiliaceae. Online at: (last updated 19/08/(2014), last accessed 13/10/(2014)
  • Wilbur, R.L. & Daoud, H.S. (1961). The genus Lechea (Cistaceae) in the southeastern United States. Rhodora 63(748): 103-118.
  • Wilbur, R.L. & Daoud, H.S. (1975). A synopsis of the genus Helianthemum (Cistaceae) in Mexico and Central America. The Southwestern Naturalist 12: 87-96.

The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook

  • Heywood, V. H. (2007b). Cistaceae. In: V. H. Heywood, R. K. Brummitt, A. Culham & O. Seberg (eds), Flowering Plant Families of the World. pp. 100–101. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nandi, O. I. (1998). Floral development and systematics of Cistaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 212: 107–134.
  • Watson, L. & Dallwitz, M. J. (1992 onwards). The Families of Flowering Plants: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification and Information Retrieval.


  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
  • The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook

    • The Kew Temperate Plant Families Identification Handbook